queNo Q.No Q & A Like Unlike

can womans do pooja with saligramaam?if no why?i heard that mens are only allowed to do pooja.what are all the good things when we have saligramam in houses?

To perform Saligrama Pooja, one needs to get training from an experienced Guru which is taught to men from the day of marriage. As one has to recite and chant various slokhas and hyms during the Salagrama Aaradhanam, women were not allowed to perform this sort of Pooja. More over, the menstrual cycle course are another hindrance. However, women too can take part in performing Aaradhana whilst husband or father performs same. Women too can do the neivedhyam part and present the preparations to the God.


Who is a Srivaishnavan?

A person who worship Lord Sriman Naaraayanan - who is Himself Is Everything. To qualify to be A Srivaishnavan one has to understand the Pancha Samskaaram, who believes in the Supremacy of Sriman Naarayana & does his daily routines, the one who never gets Angry, a learned one, who loves the down troden (Bahu Jana - Brahmmana Bahujana priya). He who performs Daily agni Santhanam, Daily Araadanam -Ijjya, applies the Oordhva Pundaram, recites the Vedam or atleast the Gaayatri daily without fail.


Why should one Fast on Eakadasi etc & What is the importance of same?

Fasting on any specific day is to clean and refresh the body mechanism. This helps to keep one healthy for a long time as frequent fastings allow the body system for overhauling. Please read the article on Eakadasi fastings Page in the Srivaishnavam practices for a full coverage. (www.trsiyengar.com/id18.shtml ) and also the a story from Narada Purana.


What is the inner meaning & benefit of Achanamam?

Starting from Achuthaaya Nama: we touch the part of the body where the Lord resides within ones body portion for each Name. The twelve important Names which controls the entire body mechanism. The scientific value counts. By touching each portion while the specifc name, the body magnetic system spreads the calories evenly to other parts of the body, where it may by required. Also while doing any pooja or performing any Homan one has to sit for hours causing difficulties. To avoid tiresome and body ache, it is often advised to practice Achanaman as many times as possible.


Sir I want to buy some original rudraksh, can u suggest me the name from where i can get it. I m in india(Bombay),Please mail me the address nearer to me possibly in india. I want follwing types of rudraksha. Ek mukhi Two face Three face Four face

Before you decide to buy one, it is advisable to know the value of Each Rudraksha mukhis in details and also its medicinal/spiritual value and tantric powers. Please log on to web site http://www.rudraksha-center.com/ and you will get a detailed report on each and every variety available on sale. (you can also place your orders online). I can suggest you the remedial solution only on knowing the purpose for which it is needed. Also, the genuine Ekamukhi costs exorbitantly and can only be procured after verifying the genuinness of same through some laboratory tests. Since you are a resident of Mumbai you may contact me over phone 022 24010223 or on mobile 9869070223 for further assistance. best wishes


During the chanting of tiruppavai can we chant manthras of mangalshasanam

As per the rituals, Mangalasaasanam should be chanted seperately at the end. Otherwise, it can be chanted seperately after an interval. For any Manthra slokham or Vedic recital should always be at the end or on completion of Thiruppavai only. This is just only to give concurrence to the paasurams. This has been practiced at many a places.


Wearing a ring on a particular finger means something,(eg) finger next to small finger on left hand signifys marriage What is the meaning of wearing rings on other fingers of the hand Thumb Small finger Middle finger fore finger? Thankyou

Thumb - connected to sexual organs hence any friction in this finger might cause disturbing effect in mind and act. Fore finger - for prosperity, wisdon, knowledge and peace. Middle finger - the nerve passes through the brain divider line hence it is better no be disturbed with any metalic friction. Little finger for memory power, learning capacity, administrative skills, etc. When a planet is weak in ones horoscope, then he/she is advised to wear a particular stone/ring to offset the ill effects of the weak planet. Generally these sort of Ring with stone is a suggestive to gain some value by getting the right combination of mineral contents and the cosmic radiation of a specific gem stone.


Sir, I am from a very ritualistic south indian brahmin family.I have never missed any ekadashi fast in my life and do recite all mantras taught by my grand parents.I am 28 years old and am married to a punjabi non brahmin boy who was very keen on our

Basically Poonal or Yagnjopaveetham is a must only for Brahmans for them to protect from heredity diseases that might occur due to genetical factors.(Read my article on Yagnjopaveetham in my web site http://trsiyengar.tripod.com). For your husband it is not a must so you need not worry about it. Following the rituals sincerely and adhering to its principle alone is sufficient to be a Brahman in practical. A poonal or the Holy Thread is certainly not a show that Brahmans are class apart. Nor it can be an identity for them to prove. A true Brahman is called "Bahu Jana Priya" the one who loves the downtrodden and helps them to their upliftments. I am happy, even after marrying a person from another caste, you strictly follow the rituals apart from bringing your husband too to the salvation path. All the best.


Why is the banana plant used in the Hindu religious ceremonies.?

The auspiciousn functions are notable with full grown Banana trees placed in both sides at the entrance of the place where the function is held. It is an indication that some sort of joyous and auspicious function is held in that specific place. This indication is a notice to any entrant who visits this place and specifically a warning and to avoid with any other inauspicious or grave news spreading inside the joyous celebration hall. This is to maintain the positive approach, a person with grief or sorrow avoids getting in and the celebration mood prevails all around.. Banana leaves are used for food serving in Every Hindu festicals/functions because: 1. There can only be single use, so there is no contamination of diseases and / spreading diseases due to saliva mix ups and contamination is avoided. 2. It is easily bio degradable and mother Earth gets her value back within 30 days as manure! ( Think of plastic materials which take around 300 years for bio-degradation) 3. If used often and daily, there is need to plant and grow more trees; thus the surroundings become green. This way ecological balancing is maintained. 4. Normally every banana tree grows upto 22 feet in height. Its leaves are so broad that they intake the polluted carbons and emit more oxygen to the surroundings, thus environmentally, the surroundings becomes more fresh with more oxygen. This way pollution is controlled to a maximum extent. 5. If any hot food is served on these leaves, the carbon contents in the leaves are emitted through the centre nerve portion, so that the served food is left without any slow poisoning effects. 6. Banana contains more fibre essence which is most vital to maintain our neurological system. So they used serve first with banana fruits and sweet at the start of food serving. To know more please read my acticle on this subject at the site : "GoBananas"


Thanks a lot for your prompt answer for my previous question about yajnopaveetham for my husband. Since I have been taught about daily pooja by women ,I do it regularly.Also I was told that tulsi leaves are to be plucked only by men and not women.Is it so? I face this problem since when my husband is away on job commitments there is nobody to pluck it.Can you please guide me?

The commonly known Tulsi is very powerful and a too sensitive plant. It is known as Sacred Basil or Holy Basil in English and the Botonical Latin name is : Osimun Basilicum. You just cannot describe its values in terms as of any other ordinary plant.. It has highest medicinal values in addition to its devine in nature. Lord Sri Mahavishnu is called "Tulasi Priya". Because of its sensitivity in nature, it is advised, it is not plucked by women in general, or atleast during their mensus course. This might cause the plant to get dried sooner. Iit should not be plucked before or after sun rise & set. It should be plucked without using the nails before 12 noon. And one should do soonly after cleansing their body & mind. Before doing so, a prayer must be offered daily which is in Sanskrit - I roughly give in phonetic English : "Vrindaayai Thulasee Devyai, Priyaayai Kesavyasya Cha, Kesavaarthe sinomi Dhwaam Varadhaa bhava sarvatha:"


Dear Sir, What are the rituals/prayers that Iyengar ladies should perform daily?

According to Srivaishnava Sathaachara Nirnaya there are a lot of postings given for women to do her daily rituals. But in to days world, it is not practicable entirely. However, the most vital & important Sthree Dinasarya is listed for every Sumankali to follow. Raise before ones husband at the early morning 3.30 4.00 AM (it is known as Brahma Muhurtham). Follow your routines. Do perform Achanamam by in taking drops of water thrice, first by pronouncing Achyutha, second Anantha and third one by calling Govinda. Recite Thiruppalliyezuchi, then prabhandham etc. Prepare all the arrangements for the Nithya Thriuvaaradhanam, which will be performed by Husband. Help in your husbands every act. Be kind, polite, and soft; and do every act of yours by devoting your mind and soul to the one, the Pathi. Light the Lamp, in the morning & evening. Be as clean as a Crystal. Serve the Lord, by helping and serving your Husband. Bring up the children, as honest and believers of the Lord, for they are the leaders of tomorrows world. Help them to learn in their studies and prayer, which is most important. Prepare and feed them as tasty as it should be. Your every step and act should keep the entire family in a well knit one with joy and happiness. Elaborating the other rituals will make one to laugh in todays modern world. Most of the thing deal in hygiene and personal in nature, which the modern science take much more care than the scripts. Chanting some of the vedic scripts are prohibited by women. It is in the better interest of womans glory. Please read the reasons for same at : http://www.trsiyengar.com/id51.html


Sir, here I would like to get my following doubt clarified by you. Certain temples in South India have practice of allowing only Hindus inside the temple premises. Certain other temples allows only brahmins inside the temple premises. Sir, I would like to know as to why this practice is being followed. Since God is the creator of each and every living being why are a few not allowed to have a glimpse of their own creator. In Guruvayoor they had even stopped the well known singer KJ Yesudas from entering the temple premises. Whereas it is a world known fact that Yesudas is such a singer who has released numerous albums on Ayappan, Guruvayoor, etc. and his cassettes and CDs are also being played by the temple authority. When Temple authorities can play the song sung by him why to prohibit him from entering the temple. Sir, when god does not see caste or creed while creating a person why should we stop the person just because of caste or creed. Sir, I shall be grateful if you could clear the doubt by providing me reply to my questions.

It was purely for the sake of maintaining hygenic conditions, in those days they did not allow the non-brahmin personnels inside the temples; Because they were not keeping themselves clean. But in todays environment, they do keep & maintain most hygenic conditions, they should never be stopped from entering the temple. Practically, Veda never discriminates anyone from worshipping. It is the half baked pundits and prohits who could not understand what civilization is! As far the temples which stops entry to others, they are still living in the stone age. The religious fanatics are very well present in every caste & community. That much one can be sure of. To be frank with you, A Brahmin can NEVER consider himself as superior to others, only just because he was born in the community. Even a downtrodden or a lower caste person can far more equal to a Brahmin, if he keeps himself to the human cause. The phrase "Brahmmana Bahu Jana Priya" is now twisted to shame and wrong meaning given as "Bhojana priya". One can understand the human values and ethics that were prevailing during vedic era.


Dear Sir, Thank you for the prompt response to my previous question. On Ekadashi day, must one fast the entire day or can one meal be taken during the day? Can milk, yogurt and fruits be taken? What foods can be taken on dwadashi day? Thanks!

It is for the fittest one to observe fast whole day on Eakadasi. However one can consume liquid foods like milk and fruit juices. For the children and aged ones or for the sick persons, they can have broken rice cooked, yoghurt and fruits. They can have any light lunch only and rest of the day fasting. On the Dwadasi day, fasting person must eat in the early morning, and in addition to regular food, they should add Banana Tree trunk portion (Vazhai Thandu), Hawala (nellikkai) and green leave known as Sesbania grandiflora (Agathi Keerai) etc.


Dear Sir, Why is that onion and garlic should be avoided in food? Thanks - Kavetha Kannan

It is a matter of fact that the oil substance available in the Garlic and Onion are with very bad odors. More so in the Onion which causes bad breath. In addition, the oily substance traces are stored in the skin layers which causes some abnormality in skin conditions. Over and above, the sweat emanated from the regular onion consumers body is very difficult tolerate. If regularly consumed, then the skin layers absorb the oil and this is likely to carried on to the next generation too! (Thats what you call as genetical factor!) Normally, Srivaishnavites & Jains in general avoid using onion for this main count. In addition to this, the Onion is likely to cause some imbalance in the reproductivity organs and the sperm or ovum count drastically fluctuates to the lower counts. Though, no medical analogy is yet available on this, the Srivaishnavites believe it is to be true. That is the main reason it is advisable to avoid these two stuffs in your food items. However, garlic can be used for some medicinal purposes when warranted.


Dear Sir,I f Dharbam the holy grass is not available, can Sandhyavandanam be performed by wearing Pavithram made of gold? - Kavetha Kannan

Madam, there is no substitute for Dharbam. If it is not available, nothing wrong in performing without the same. Yet, the recital values & vibrations of the Mantras are not disturbed because of non availability of Dharbam. Yes, one can perform the daily routine rituals without Pavithram, in case of non availability.


Can ladies say Vishnu sahasranamam? What other mantrams ladies can say? Can ladies say slokas daily? I do chant slokas daily but I am only 28. Can I do this daily...I say some ashtothrams...Narasimha astothram and Sudarshana ashtothram. ( I think we have restrcitions for SandyaVandhanam and Gayatri Japam only). - Kavetha Kannan

The entire Vedic scriptures are very powerful in nature as far the phonetic & aquatic vibrations concerned. Some of the Mantras like Shri Nrusimha Sthothram, Sri Sudarsana Ashtakam, Gayatri, Sudarsana Gayatri are of more stronger vibrations than other mantras. In general, any Mantras, slokhas and Gayatri related to Sri Nrusimha & Sri Sudarsana are with more stronger vibration effects. Hence it is strongly recommended to avoid reciting and chanting by women in general. However, once menopause crossed, there is no hormone disturbance likely to cause any damage, hence they too can take part in reciting these slokhas. I request concerned or affected persons, to avoid reciting these slokas at least during their inconvenient periods; thus saving your own body mechanism; otherwise, the loss by way of your daily discharge may be more than normal, in addition to exposing you to some sort of thyroid problem in the later years! Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam, Sri Venkatesa Suprapatham etc can be chanted by one and all. There is no restrictions on this. Women can chant the entire Prabandam and pasurams; also, all the related stotras of Sri Lakshmi, Sri Sthuthi and related subjects.


Sir, What is the pariharam or prayaschitham if a Brahmin ate Non Veg? Is just simply changing the holy thread is sufficient? - A Brahmin

Hello, if unknowingly or under compulsion anyone consumes Nonveg food, they just can cleanse their body by consuming Panchacavyam. This panchaCavyam is to be prepared with ritualistic way by reciting specific slokhas for each item viz. Cows urine (Gomutram or Gomiyam), Cows Milk, Curd, Ghee and holy water. Please check with your Vadhyar or Guru to make this one with a specific sankalpam. Then to perform a Gayatri Homam, i.e. after qualifying with changing the holy thread and consuming panchaCavyam, with minimum 1008 counts. Incidentally, according to old vedic scripts, a Brahmin can consume meat flesh that belong to creatures with Five Nails (Ooops - Dont include humans in this!) viz. Tortoise (Aamai - koorma), Crocodile (Mudalai), Udumpu etc. Also, during some emergency time like natural calamity, draught, war etc. a Brahmin can consume the mutton of specific animals. This is specifically said for Brahmins as it is mentioned in some of the Vedic scripts. There is always an exception for each and everything - especially for the Man made Law. So, worry not. Spread word about vegetarianism; make some habitual meat eaters to turn to veg. Try to popularize the benefits of Vegetarianizm, that itself would become a solace and prayaschitham for the offence committed, knowingly or unknowingly!


Namaskarams, In todays modern and womens liberated times,divorce is slowly becoming a reality around us in friends & relatives,not only among NRIs but also in India.Although it is still stigmatised in India especially SriVaishnavite practices,it is becoming an unavaoidable price of Westernisation & modernisation of India.More so for the thousands of Brahmins going abroad in lure of green notes.Please give an enlightening insight into how our Hindu tradition,especially Vaishnavite culture views it in terms of Karmaphala,Paapam,Pariharam & Praayschitham for those who already arevictims of this painful folly. Would like to take this opportunity to also congratulate the people behind this site for the quality of content and great service rendered to Vaishanavites throughout the world for this wonderful and enlightening site. Regards Vijay

Answer: Marriage, a thousands of year affair, with good progeny and a healthy generation to continue - has now reduced to shameless act of divorce. In many cases, the give and take policy in day to day life is becoming one sided affair, only take and no return. This can safely be said in the case of both partners. Moreover, the freedom given to the younger generations from the childhood days are, in many cases misused to find their own way, rather than accepting the traditional way of finding a partner. In some cases, the marriages are fixed by the younger, then approved by their parents! This is in contrast to the traditional way, where elders decide on this matter. Just because they were brought up in an atmosphere and circumstances, where the traditional values are forgotten. Nevertheless, parents themselves are to be blamed in many cases, as they did not bring them up within their fold and never thought of teaching them the values and ethos of our own culture. Ego and personality clashes, differences in personal nature that causes the splits rather than accepting and adjusting to the reality; Not giving any value to the progeny and future generation thoughts. In all my researches within our community, what I found is, the most astonishing factors that I list below: 1. Economic freedom and employment opportunity with higher pay slab causes to gain upper-hand; the trend is mostly reversing the home maker status is now to be the other way round, if not sharing the burden. 2. Many feels, settling in overseas, mainly in the US of A with a green card is sole concern and for this sake, they do not mind cheating! By hoock or crook, their interest is to land and avail the card. Then the drama unfolds. I am telling this fact, that even among the boys are it is their dream. 3. If born and brought up in a high rich families, these trends are some how escapes; the middle class families dreams are too high to state here. But the lower middle and economically lower families are some how coping with the situations to stick together, rather than going for a divorce. 3. Parting and divorcing has become a norm with some elite families that I observed all along. May be, they think it is a kind of social strata that they choose or ignore the values to their personal benefits. 4. I know a family in the US, whose wife deserted her husband after 17 years of living with him; that too having two grown up children, now with their father. She just left only to get more rich and married an American willingly! Leaving behind her own issues, a boy of 14 years and a girl of 16 years. Just for sheer luxury life style. I am worried, where these sort of marriages will lead them to. It is a shame to the humankind that for sheer lust for money, luxury & comforts they sacrifice ethical values and break the bondage. I do have an idea of analyzing this specific factor in a separate page, under the lifestyle articles on this social stigma; in every possible ways and means, that we need to organize and avoid such breaking in bondages. A solution ought to be found out for this sort of dilution, that will be acceptable to every quarter.


Sri Ramajayam! How many times should we do namaskaram ( periayavalai sevippadhu) to elders? and How many times should we do namaskaram to God? Thank you!

Answer: In Srivlaishnavas, The Thenkalai Samparadaya persons used to do Namaskaram only once. But in Vadakalai Sampradayam, they should do the namaskaram atleast four times. This is generally for any persosn to whom they offer the namaskaram. But when doing so with any Sanyasi known as Jeers, they should do the namaskaram till the Guru says stop! In some cases it might be even for couples of time. While worshipping the Lord God at any temple one has to do minimum four times of Namaskaram and atleast four round of praddikshanam.


Hi, Is there a link which explains the ceremony, concept behind each ritual for the upanayanam ceremony? My sons, aged 13 and 10 will be undergoing their upanayanam at Chennai in July and I am trying to eductae them on the process and concepts. Your help is appreciated. Best Regards

Answer: You can now have the details from this site itself at  Poonal/Upanayanam, Brahmmobadesam- I recommend persons to take a print out of this and distribute during Upanayanam so as to other invitees too understands the rituals real meaning.


Are vaishnavas allowed to donated blood, if no what is the prayachitam I can do after doing the blood donation. Are we allowed to donated our organs after death?

Answer: As in those Vedic Era, there were no such practices existed as that of in todays body part transplantations. There is no mention about blood donations of kind in any of the scripts; excepting the Asuras & Demons drinking the human blood, there is no mention about this specific issue. However, in the modern developed world, it is still valid to donate blood & after death donating organs such as kidney & eyes are surely helpful to other needy mankind. Though, the learned schollars and seers are of different view and oppose to it, it is wise to use ones own instinctions in such matters. Prayaschitham and pariharam can be found for this too! Performing Gayatri Japam and and doing it with holy fire (Gayatri Homam) alone should suffice for such deeds, as the donations are knowingly offered to other person for some life saving activities. Donating blood and body part is certainly not against the humanity. So one can ; ahead and donate blood & body parts, if one wishes. (Ekaliva offering his Thump as Guru Dakshina is not falling in this category!).


Sir, I am so happy that i came across your website. It is really beneficial to people like me. I am a married non Brahmin woman. I have a few questions regarding pooja. I started reciting VISHNU SAHASRNAMAM when i was in college and it truly made a difference for me. I recently got married and i want to worship Sree Maha Lakshmi. Can i recite SREE SUKTAM daily? (any restrictions) Can i recite Lalita Sahasranmam ?(any restrictions) Do i need to have a japa mala while i am reciting any sahasrnamam. I read all slokas loudly. I read online that it is not good to recite loudly and that its better to meditae by not opening the mouth. Is that correct? I really appreciate your reply.

Excepting Gayatri, all other versues can be chanted and recited aloud. Gayatri should not be recited aloud. However a clear and silent environment is needed to chant Gayatri and with specific count & timing too needed for this. As far Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam and other sookthams concerned there is no such restrictions. Gayatri can be chanted only after taking the guidance from a learned Guru as Brahmmobadesam! and never should be recited aloud.

Japa Mala is not necessary while reciting the slokha but when reciting Gayatri, one can keep japamala for counting.


IN which site we know which pasarum has been sung by alawars in which divaya desam.Wheather any classfication has been done..... any tamil pdf format is there. i Request you to do such classfication, so that a bhagavathas can chant that pasarum in that temple it would be more meaning ful. kindly forgive me if i request is not correct

There is no website that give classified poems of each Mangalasasana Pasuram/sthalam is given. However, each site is giving only the number of pasurams sung by respective Azhwars. Your question is now noted down and shall try to include in the same near future, by adding it to the 108 Srivaishnava Desam articles.

8324 Dear sir, At what point of time the bifurcation of Vadakalai and Thenkalai sects took place and for what reason? What are the differences in sampradayam? Is it necessary (for vaishnavam to strengthen) to attempt a unification of these sects?


Sir, After getting samashrayanam done, should we follow a strict regimen? Can we eat in hotels? Are onion and garlic prohibited?

Answer: It is advisable to adhere to the stipulated norms as far as possible. The Samasrayanam, one among the five samskaras, is done after one adopted by a Guru, the Seers; it is always better to listen to the Guru and to follow the teachings. In the modern time, where paucity of time and circumstances might force one to eat outside. Still it is suggested to avoid the food items that are not recommended by our cultural system. As for the Onion & Garlick, please read the answer given to Ms. Kavitha Kannansquestion below in this page.


Sir.I am Gopala krishnan an Iyer of Kerala.I am 64. My doubt is regarding the Gaya sraddaha. Do Iyengars perform Gaya sraddha? Is it necessary to continue sraddha and tharpan after wards for the pithru who has gone to Devaloka after Gaya sraddha. If so what are the references? I have gone through many sites- but no where it is told either to continue or discontinue.If so what is its sanctitiy?

Gaya Srardham is common to all sect of Brahmins. There is no difference to it for Srivaishnavas, Smarthas or Madhwas. It is common to all. Even after performing the Gaya Srardham, one has to continue performing the regular srardha during the thithi every year. Depending on the nature, Availability of the conducting priest (Vadhyaar), Bhoktas (Brahmins for Bhojanam), age and permissible resources, one has to continue performing the yearly srardham as per regular stipulations - with Homam as most recommended. However, many are unaware of this fact and either stop performing the srardha or doing it only by Hiranyam or Aama srardham which is not recommended. Srardham of annual thithi should not be discontinued after performing the Gaya Srardham. By performing the Gaya srardham, one gets the multiple value of Punya-bhalam as equate to 60 years srardha benefits. So if one continues to perform the srardham even after the Gaya srardham, then the punya-bhalam is added. Thus the Vamsavali or the future generations get the full benefits of this Gaya Srardham. However, nowadays, for want of resources, time and for monetary considerations, many persons discontinue the srardham after performing the Gaya srardham. This practice is quite wrong in their doings. According the Vedic scripts, Vaidhyanaatheeyam and Srivaishnava Deepika, one has to continue performing the srardham till their life time. As far the Pithru Tharpanam during the Amavasya, Monthly, Sangramanam, Grahanam are surely to be continued as earlier. The Srardhanga Pithru tharpaNam is to be performed on the immediate next day to Srardham (and not on the same day of Srardham). If age factor and monetary considerations are not favourable, one has to perform to the minimum possible way, i.e. by Sankalpam with Bhojanam or Hiranyam. And Sri Lord Krishna wants atleast a TharpaNam by offerring it to the Vishnu Paadam (only, sick, aged and poor can do the srardham just only with TharpaNam!).


Re: Gaya sraadha Q Sir, I am summarizing what I have learnt from your treatise given as answer to me to my previous question on Gaya sraadha. Will you kindly confirm the same correct? 1. As we say in the end every time we conduct sradha, to consider that Sraddaha as Gaya sradaha at least once we should really conduct it at Gaya-The theertha sraddaha. Gaya Srradha is equal to 60 sraadhas performed. 2. Sraadha benefit pithru and the son much more. Pithru remain pithru- only residence change. 3. The sraadha and Tharpana have to be continued for ones life time. It is due to the reason we do not know when the pithrus reach Vaikunta or Sivalokam. 4. If at all our pithrus reached vaikunta or Sivalokam our Sraddha will benefit Jnatha anjatha pithrus which will always be there . 5. Sraadha has to be conducted even after Gaya sraadha as long as possible .However consideration of health conditions, monetary conditions etc can be there. Sraadha with Homam only has to be conducted maximum possible .

Answer:  Before I put my answer on other points, I wish to clarify your Point No.2 - Pithrus too get elevated to various positions, depending on their merrit and punyabhalam to Deva gana etc.

Herebelow, I narrate the entire benefits of Gaya Srardham and its values: To clarify to all your doubts, I need to give an elaborative sequence to the happenings after the departure of any soul; though none has the experience to specify happenings, it is the Vedic reliance that was conveyed to generations through Gurukulam and then through hear-saying. I list below the reasoning that I was told by my father & Guru (Late Mr. TS Ramabathrachariar of Mukkur): (kandavar vindathillai, vindavar kandathillai - those who preach about this has not seen or experienced it and those who have seen it are eternal, not here to explain about it!) This entire script below is only for Brahmins who are born with, to fulfill their duties as laid in the Veda Sasthra. 

Not all the souls are liberated immediately on death and departure. Ultimate destination being Kailasam aka Paramapadam, the souls wander from one location to other, depending on their merit and punyabhalam. Only persons who pass away with skull broke open (Kapala moksham), they attain the lotus feet of the Lord immediately. Rest others are reaching their destinations by various steps; pithrulokam, devalokam, etc. The actual paramapatham, Srivaikuntham or kailasam are one and the same as per the philosophical readings.   Performing of Srardham is, in the belief and trust that we do it for our pithrus; if they are already liberated and reached their destination, why should one perform the Srardham? We do perform the Kriya and abhara kaingkaryam to liberate them from the earthly possessiveness, immediately on their departure and till the 13th day; but why to call them again and again (avaahayaami) during every Amavasya or monthly tharpanams? Why then the aavaahanam? These questions were easily replied to me by my father, which, within my limited knowledge, I translate and reproduce below.    Having no way to know the facts, we are instructed to continue the srardham till our life time. Here too, we do it not only for the parents, but also for three generation viz. grand and great grand parents. Why? If by any chance, if our parent reached the destination but any of the grand parents left wandering, then it is for them to gain through this srardham.

Oh, what if none of them wandering but all reached safely to the Kailasam or the Paramapadam? The very basic reason for having prescribed to perform it for three generation is the most vital part of the value added srardham.  Pithrus are known to be of in three forms - Vasur, Rudra and Aadithya swaroopam. The latest departed soul being the vasu roopa. (The order of family might vary if grandparent surviving but parents left earlier etc.) Here, when you perform the srardham with homam (i.e. with Holy fire sacrifice), after offering cooked rice as Havis, twice each to Pithru, Pithamaha & Prapithamaha - the seventh time offering is to Njaathi - i.e. distant cousins who left the earth. In case of anyone who left without any such ceremony performed, let the seventh step offering reach them - that is for the Sahothra njaathi. whether known to one or unknown face,( Njaathaa-agnjaatha, pithrupyapcha, yathaa swaahaah:) By doing this seventh Ahuthi with Havis, that reaches to the Sahothra Daayathi, who might have left without any kriya/kainkaryam performed for many reasons, or for a person of the same Gothra (No issues, died at unknown place, nobody knows who is who when left, or some of them with issues but they never cared to perform the rituals from the beginning etc. etl.) So, even if our parents, grand & great grand parents reached the abode, it is for us to continue the thithi srardham till our life time, only for those who might have fortunate enough to avail the Havis.

This benefit is only achieved through performing Srardham with HOMAM! So even when our own forefathers reached the destination, it is for unknown siblings of the same Gothra and also for the society in general, we do offer the annual thithi srardham. Here again, the unknown - but same Gothra soul blesses us through their Mahalaya Srarardha visits! (Known as GaaruNya pithru, who showers the blessings). Wherein, in other srardha performances viz. Sankalpam, Hiranyam or Aamam, these benefits are not given excepting the one, that is, satisfying the pithrus through BrahmmaNa Bhojanam (feeding the Brahmins).

How the Punyabhalam is transferred to the generations? When one sends a Money order through a post office, the receiving office keeps the money with them but the transfer is made through the book entries; though the recipient get the value of the sent amount, the currency actually deposited is not given to them; likewise, it is said to be of a kind of transfer of such punyabhalam to the generations. These are known only a sookshama that is unknown to a lay person but clearly foreseen by the Rishis and Munis through their perception of third eye known as Njaana drushti. 

Quite apart from the above, The Vedic scripts and Mantras are composed & coded in such a way, very intricate to its own values, the phonetic vibrations alone can uplift the wandering souls to the higher plane; as is in the ether waves and radio waves that spread all over, the phonetic vibrations of the Sanskrit slokhas too spreads in the air and plays a vital role that offer immense benefits to the performer. (Here, the crow is also playing a vital role in uplifting the phonetic sounds to the pithrulokam!). Only when performed with homam, these are given thrice to the pithrus - first through the agni swaroopam, then through the Brahmmana Bhojanam and then lastly through the Pinda pradhanam (For Sama and Rg Vedhis three pindams and for Yajur Vedhis with six pindams). Only on doing these three steps, then the remainder cooked rice becomes Pithru sesham. One has to eat this pithru seasham to gain the benefits of the srardham and only on the immediate next day, to perform the Srardhanga Tharppanam. Now a days, I know persons performing the pithru tharppanam too on the same day of srardham, without taking the pithru sesham. This too is wrong. The pithru seasham is known blessings directed to us which is left untouched by many - without knowing the values!

And now on Gaya Srardham - Even while performing the regular srardham, we pronounce and consider, as if it is treated as performing from Gaya, irrespective of a place where it is performed. This wording is included when we start the srardha ceremony and also at the end. Though this is performed to liberate the souls that may or may not be wandering in the pithru logam, the benefits are reaped in multiple way; firstly the Holy place where the Lotus feet of Sri Mahavishnu is said to be placed, in this kshetram where Sri Vishnu Padam is located, is more important for liberating the wandering souls. Secondly, a Srardham performed here in Gaya gives the multiple value, as said earlier, that equates to performing the Srardham of 60 years. Thirdly, the srardham here are with multiple benefits, if the departed souls are already reached the ultimate destination namely unison with the supreme power, then the srardha benefits are redirected to be passed on to the Garunya Pithrus who are that of the same Gothra of the performer. In case there is none to receive the pindam, then the benefits are reserved and passed on to the coming generations as Punya Bhalam. (asmath kulam prasoodhatham - ayam pindam swadhaa namah: - asmath kulam abhivardhathaam).

As far the Deva Gana, Brahmins are supposed to perform the Rishi tharppaNam daily, which is included in the routine Sandhya Vandanam; thus if the pithrus getting their elevated status to Deva Gana, then quite naturally it is included in the daily prayer known as Sandhyavandanam. It is added & additional benefit of performing the Daily routine prayers, Sandhya Vandanam that is to seek the blessings from all the Form - Deva, Rishi & elevated pithru ganas!

Well, how far the above said can be true? Who is to authenticate the sayings? Here, the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita is the only source I can quote on faith and belief: “samshayAtmA vinashyati” (Bhagavad-Gita Gita IV – 40) says the Lord -- ‘He who doubts, goes to ruin’. And when He says this He adds the words ***ashraddha-dAnascha , meaning ‘one who has no shraddhA’. In (Bhagavad Gita IX – 3), He says (***ashraddha-danAH purushhaaH nivartante mRtyu-samsAra - vartmani) ‘the man without faith (is ruined and) comes back to this trans-migrate cycle again and again’. In fact he frightens us with a warning, at the same time very compassionately. It is not just a false warning; it will surely happen that way. We should not allow it to happen. We have to develop an unshakeable faith in the thought. 

In addition to the above benefits, The Akshaya Vata and the Vishnu Pada are the only two places where one can perform the Vedic rites not only for our forefathers, but for other persons male or female of our known circle, family, friends, acquaintances, irrespective of their caste or religion they might belong to; you will wonder, in these sacred places, one can perform the finale rites also for animals, our pets, abandoned bodies, etc. This is the speciality and uniqueness of Gaya, which draws lakhs of believers from all parts of India.

It also stated in The Mahabharatha Vanaparva, Adhyaya 83 Slokas 9 & 10, the importance of Gayashraadham is given:
एष्टव्या बहव: पुत्रा: यद्येकोपि गयां व्रजॆत् || (9)

यजेत वाश्वमेधेन नीलं वा वृषमुत्सृजेत् | उत्तारयति संतत्या दश पूर्वान् दशावरान् || (10 )

One should beget many sons, so that at least one of them will ; to Gaya. Or one should conduct ashwamedha or release a blue bull. This will emancipate ten previous generations and ten future generations.

While performing annual sraadham to our pithrus - father or mother, we recite  saying thrice, "GAYA, GAYA, GAYA DITHWAA" and walk a few feets towards Gaya Kshetram side. (persons reside in south of Gaya used walk towards northern direction).

Leaving the Vedic reliance apart, in our Brahmin society, it is a supportive method to support our community persons. There are thousands of them living below poverty line, unable to stretch their arms for alms. At least, for their sake, the economically sound persons should continue to perform the srardham to give some way of livelihoods to the needy Brahmin community. It is best recommended, atleast once in their life-time, to perform the Gaya Srardham known as Theertha Srardham and I hope the above clarifications would convince them to accept the Vedic Scriptures values.


Namaskaram, My name is Raghavan living in Delhi for the last 15 years. I am a thengalai ieyngar. My question is eventhough, I am a big devotee of Venkatajalapati, somehow I got attracted to Lord Shiva and I started linga abisheakam with water every day at home. is it okay being a ieyngar person, performing daily pooja for shiva? Also, is it okay to have a shiva lingam at home. Please advise but dont ask me to keep the lingam away from my house. I think I will not be able to do that.

Answer: As per the Dharma Shastra, if a person from Iyengar community has taken the Samasrayanam from any of the Sects Guru (Achaaryan - Jeer), then one has to strictly adhere to his Gurus teachings and follow in principle, all the guidence given as per the specific sect. (Oordhvam, Pundareekam, Samasrayanam, Saranagathi - Surrender etc.) If you have not taken the Pancha Samskara route of Srivaishnavite traditions, then youre free to worship any Diety as you feel deem fit. By the way, according to the philosaphical thoughts, all the prayers are aimed at one destination - attaining mental happiness and Mukti. The path are diversive but the aim is same. More so, the different methodical prayers are in effect and in force, only since few thousands year ago. During Vedic Era, there were no split ups but persons from same family used to worship different daiety, according to their faith. Interestingly, Kalki Sri Ra. Krishnamoorthy used describe these trends in one of his famous & successful novels - Ponniyin Selvan. The Charecter taken for the discussion is "Azhwarkadiyaan" who is shown a staunch Sri Vaishnavite but his elder brother used to worship Lord Shiva! No, I will never ask anyone to deviate from their faith and beliefs. In Sanadhana Dharma, one has the full liberty to choose his/her own Lord & God! Faith and belief combined with Bhakthi is more important than the identity of any Idols. Thats the Essence of Sanaathana Dharma.


Namaskaram. My wife is working in the medical field in a reputed institution in Delhi and she wants to study further while she works in the same institution. But getting admission in her institution is verry dificult as seats are limited for forward caste like us. She is really preparing well. She wants to ask you what kind of slogas that she has to recite every day (please prvodie if it is possible) and what kind of viradham that she has to keep. Please do advise her.

Answer: You can refer the page on Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam & Nakshatra, select the phrase that concern to her birth Star (Janma Nakshatram) in the Vishnu Sahasranamam and recite it daily at available time. In addition, Shravana Vradham (fasting on the Thiruvonam star days) would help gain ishta karya siddhi (fulfilment of reasonable wishes). My best wishes for her to secure a seat at the desired place.


K.V. Raghavan, New Delhi. How one has to observe the Sravana viradham (on Thiruvonam star). I want to observer very strict sravana viradham. Please advise me what should I eat at dinner to complete the viradham. Or I should not eat at all for all three times. Please do advise for my wife also for the same viradham. Secondly, is it okay for myself and my wife can observe sravana viradham together every month. Yours Truely, K.V. Raghavan


As it is for any other vradham, on the sravana nakshatra days too one has to observe fasting - if sound enough to withstand a whole day fasting. For seniour citizens and children can take broken rice or cerals; whole day, concentration & meditation would add benefits. And should avoid talking much (if possible, though very difficult to do so) one can even observe silence for that day and chant & recite Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam or Pancha sooktham etc. Almost, the system is equal that of Ekadasi Vradham. Offering nivedhyam to Lord and then breaking the fasting is suggested on the next day only with some liquid diet. This is only for the fit and able persons.


What is the sanctity of Madisar saree?


Firstly,the Panchkacham Dhothi and the Madisar saree of Srivaishnavite style returns the energy revibrated to one own body thus the loss of energy is minimal. Secondly, it is said that it also controls the gorwth of flabs in and around naval portion thus pot belly is not grown if used regularly. And most importantly, the falling hair from body parts are protected thus not contaminating the surroundings. Wherein the regular saree (kosuvam) these benefits are not given. More so, the attraction for young and aged one alike, the Madisar saree is  certainly adds beauty;  now a days, even the modern trend in the western country too admires such saree wearing style!

The Email address given by you is either wrong or fake,  as the reply sent to your mail address bounced.


K.V. Raghavan, New Delhi. Namaskaram, -  Would you please tell me something about ekadesi viradham and its benefits and how one has to follow during these viradham.  Would you please tell me something about ekadesi viradham and its benefits and how one has to follow during these viradham. Also, why one should not eat rice during ekadesi.  Also, why one should not eat rice during ekadesi. Would please tell me what is the ideal sloga one has to recite to get rid of his enemies who is giving him a trouble continuesly and constantly. Thanks

Answer:You may please refer this page for a detailed benefits of fasting. The very basic reason for providing a link is to give proper guidance about the articles that are listed in this site but might have missed ones view. As stated earlier, Sri Vishnu sahasranamam and other sookthams are recommended for that day. Also, Sri Vedantha Desikars sthothra maala too is recommended. To get rid of enemies, Sri Sudarsana Ashtakam and Sri Sudarsana Gayathri are recommended.


Please tell me who all can tattoo "Chakra" and "Sangoo" in their body.


Any one who whorships Sri Mahavishnu and follows Srivaishnava path for salvation can get the Shanku & Chakra tattooed in their arm., by any of the Sri Vaishnava sect jeers known as Acharyas. One must be a strict vegetarian with clean habits to have these marks. Caste No bar.


Namaskaram, I am the eldest of 2 daughters and my father is performing the sraaddha of my late mother . Many vaadhyaars have suggested that my father do only the hiranya sraadha and not the sraadha with homam as my parents do not have a son living. I need your clarification whether my father can perform the latter. Thanks

Your father can perform the Srardham with Homam (without Aupasanam/Agni santhanam).  He can, either do perform with Sankalpa srardham (minus homam but with offering food after punyavachanam and then Aaradhanam etc.) by feeding two Brahmins or by Hiranyam by offering raw rice, banana etc. is the last option. Agni Santhanam & Aupasanam  can only be performed with wife; so a widower has no option but to perform only the Srardham part of the Homam. If age factor, availability of Bruhaspathi and monetary considerations forces, then HiraNya srardham is recommended but as a last option.


Can you please tell me which shlokas i need to recite to avoid all troubles and mishaps, to protect from my enemies in worklife, colleagues who are jealous, etc shlokas i mean from vishnu sahasranama my nakashtram is shravana and makara rasshi

The Nakshatra & its related Vishnu Sahasranama Slokha are clearly given in this page. . For Sravana nakshatra, you can recite the slokhas from 85 to 88. To get rid of enemies and invisible trouble makers, you can do regular parayaNam of Sri Sudarshana Ashtakam.


We are a Christian family and we have been invited to a Upanayanam for the son of our friends. We are wondering if we should take a gift to him or if this would be inappropriate? Thank you for your time and any advise you can give us.


Here religion is not involved, only a personal bondage between persons that connects human values. Surely, you can present any gift of your choice. Your presence and blessings are more important that would honour the hosts.


Sir Namaskaram, Is the marriage between the people of the same gotram feasible? What are the after effects that the couple might encounter after such a marriage? Is there any remedy before conducting such marriages so as to 'ify the after effects? Kindly advice.

Though the recent supreme court Judgement on this is permitting same Gothra marriages, the Sasthras against marrying from same Gothra. Same Gothra, despite different caste or creed, means, the root Rishis or descendants from a particular family tree are of same blood group. Sa-gothra stands same gothra as brother-hood hence it is not recommended at the first place. Also, it is avoidable to marry a person from mothers gothra too. According to medical science studies, marrying among of any close clearive causes many problems including the child born may not be as bright or healthy as marrying from other Gothra. More over, the mal-formations of child during pregnancy also forewarned by researches. It is foolish to find any pariharam for marrying among brother/sister gothra alliances. It is simply an eye-wash to change gothra mid-way, like adopted by some other gothra persons before giving into marriage. If more than 11 generations are passed, then one can discard this as per Sashakya Muni.


My husbands Janma Nakshatram is Purattathi, kumbah rasi. avani month. this year the star birthday falls twice. one on 19th aug and the 2nd one on 15th sep. which one do we need to take for performing any special homan. and why.

Answer: Normally, if birth nakshatra falls twice in any month,then the later date is to be taken for celebration. Mostly, the first nakshatra day is not taken for celebrations. However, if the next month (Masa Pirappu) begin within 8 hours from the sun rise, only then the earlier nakshatra can be taken. (Eventhough the date of the month can be 30th, 31st or 32nd, the next month (Masapirappu) can begin when Sun enters to the next sign, on the last day of any month).


Namaskaram. Sir, We are living in a place where the sun never rises/sets around the same time in a year or month. In winters it will be very late around 8.30-9.00 AM and 4.30-5 PM and in summers it will be 4.30-6 AM and 7.30-9.30 PM. Summer time it is okay for my husband to do sandhi without disturbing office time. But in winter it is very very cold and snowy and difficult to ; out in bare body in that time also he needs to be at work. How to cope up with this ? Also maintaining thulasi is very difficult at winters inside home. Now what he does is to sticks to after bath time like 6-7 AM to cope up with going to office. Please give your comments and is it okay to do without seeing the sun duing winter. Or is there any other method in performing the same that we are not aware of, If you could mail us that will be very helpful. I am asking question on his behalf. Thank you. Regards, Sridevi.


Basically the Vedic recitals and Mantra prayogam are meant for the Punya Bhoomi known as Bharatha Kandam, thats Bharat. They never would have thought that the Brahmin community would spread all over the world and would be performing the rituals. According some learned scholars, the recitals would lose its value if it is done during un-time. Present days compulsion of survival makes one to migrate to any place where opportunities abound to sustain their livelihood.
Yet, it is essential to perform the Anushtanam as far as possible within the available time frame than totally discarding it. It is best recommended to adhere to the local timings and prevailing conditions and continue to do the prayer part as per the local sun rise timing and not to stick to Indian timings. It is more important to perform the daily Sandhya Vandanam with Gayatri at before Sun-rise and during sun-set timing, respectively, according to the local time zone.


How to perform Hiranya Srardham?

Hiranya Srardham is like regular srardham minus homam/havis, but with Changing Yagnjopaveetham, Suddhi Punyahavachanam, regular Aaradhanam - aka Pooja, Srardhangam with two BrahmmaNa bhojanam. Some also call this as Sankalpa Vidhanam. 


HI, I would like to know about chandra and Surya grahanam? What we should do on those days and why such practices are needed? Please tell me the Science behind the practices also. Thanks

During time of Eclipse, the ultra violet radiations are spread all over and contaminating the surroundings. To avoid any sort of slow poisoning or illness, it is advisable to avoid eating or keeping the food items open during that time. In the Srivaishnavites homes, they used to fully cover the food grains and water with Dharbam known as Dharbai the holy grass used by Brahmins. To avoid any eye sight problem and skin related deseases, it is advisable not to roam around in open during the eclipse. Especially the pregnant women should keep themselves inside their home to avoid any mal-functionals for the child in the womb. If the ecliptic duration is longer, then the poisonous radiations are the more high. Hence,  it was suggested to avoid looking at the Sun or Moon during eclipse with naked eye.

  • Nothing should be eaten during the Eclipse. The Vedh period is of around 6 to 9 hours prior to start of the Eclipse and one should eat before that.
  • After Eclipse is over, do not touch clothes before taking bath. So, before eclipse begins, put aside clothes/towel etc. to be used after your bath. Take head bath and then only to attend to other routines.
  • Spend your time in prayer, reading & listening scriptures etc.
  • After taking bath/shower only, one should touch God or do the normal activities
  • If your birth star falls in the Ecliptic path, then do the Shanthi Parihara, recite the prescribed sloka and then donate some grains - wheat for Surya Grahan and Rice for Chandra Grahan with some dakshina to any deserving poor Brahmin.


 Swami Namaskarams. Could you please give me a pointer where I can get a book related to panchasamskara matras and its procedures.


Pancha Smskaaram = The five daily routines of a Srivaishnava: (1) The Mudra of Conch & Wheel (Shanka Chakram) to be sealed by the Acharya in a devotees shoulders; (2) Applying of Oordhva Pundareekam ( 12 Nama with Sreechoornam to be applied in the body; (2) Dasya Namam as named by the Acharya; (4) Taking the Guru Mantra as taught by the Acharrya and (5) learning and getting the needed qualifications from the Acharya to perform the Daily Thiruvaradhanam.

Out of the pancha samskarams, the Samasrayanam (and Bharanyasam) can only be done by a Jeer or Sects Guru. While doing so, they guide you through the proceedures and give you a detailed routine prayer part alongwith Gurus Thanian. Once done, the rest above comes within this Samskaras.

However, the entire Srivaishnavam practices and the rituals to be followed is listed in a costliest book named "Srivaishnava Sadhaachaara NirNaya, authored by the present Ahobila Mutt Jeer. This book lists the entire anushtana procedures together with many useful tips and guides. It is plublished in Tamil/Devanagari scripts. Copies can be had from Sri Nrusimha Priya office,  No.30, Venkatesa Agraharam,  Mylapore, Chennai 600 004 OR at Sri Ahobila Math, 8, Arathi Nagar, Selayur Post, Chennai 600 056. The price is Rs.500/- per copy.


Dear Sir, My fathers death aniiversary is in Oct2008 first week. We want to Shraadh in Gaya after doing the Ist anniversary rituals in Chennai. Is it necessaey to do 2 in Kasi and 2 in Gaya. This is the advise that has been given to me. I am little confused.What our vedas and sasthras say about this? I will appreciate a quick response. Thank you for your time. Sridharan Rajagopalan, Banff, Canada.

Once in our life time, it is necessary to perform one theertha srardham known as Gaya srardham. Though, doing at Gaya only suffice , performing srardha at Kashi or other theertha kshetra is not against the sastras. This is just to add the Punyabhalam by performing at other punya kshetra too. In the entrie Ganges belt, there are many such spots where one can perform the Srardha as many places as one wants to perform.


Unfortunately, my father in law has not been performing yearly devasam for his parents for quite a few years, since he does not believe in it. We belong to Mudaliyar caste, kindly let me know what is the ill effect of the same and how to do the pariharam by me and my husband. I strongly believe in pithru asirvadham and would do anything to remove the ill effects. Kindly clarify our doubt and bless us.

If elders were failing in their ritualistic duties, it surely affects the younger generations. If you know the Thithi, you can surely arrange to offer some Raw rice and Banana to any poor deserving family on that day. If thithi is not known, then the best alternative is perform it on the Amavasya day of Karthikai Tamil month. For pithru dosha nivarthi, one can also perform Anna dhanam at the pithru Kshetram known as Sholinghar near Arakkonam. This removes the ill effects and negative forces just by offering a Brahmin feeding during the Pithru Paksha. (MahaLaya paksham). Since you have the faith and belief, that in itself should get rid of the curses by and large, and if you do perform any of the above pariharam, surely there will be blessings from the departed souls.


Should we perform tharpanam for mothers side generation while the mother is alive and father has passed.


Yes, one should perform the TharppaNam to mathru vargam too even when mother is alive. Only, when mothers father (mathamahan) is alive, then there is no TharppaNam for mathru vargam. Otherwise, one has to include mothers paternal side in the routine tharppaNam.


Does grahana tharpanam tomorrow precede Gayathri japam or follow it?

Answer: Grahana TharpaNam is to be performed on the 16th night/17th Aug. early morning at 2.30 am Indian Standard Time.  Please convert this timing according to your local timings. Gayathri Japam is done on the 17th August 2008 morning, after sun rise, after attending to your regular anushtanams.


1) Is ghee vilaku is good or nellaenai villaku is good. In Kerla I beleive Thengaennai villaku is used. What is the significance of these usage of oils? 2) My freind told me that there are specific flowers we should offer to god on specific days to get rid of navagraha doshas. For example offering lotus on friday is very auspicious. Is there any truth behind it or can i offer flowers on daily basis. If there are list of special flowers to be offered on daily basis can you please let me know? 3) I got panchasamskaram with HH ahobila mutt seer. I was told that i should not do saraswathi pooja, then can i do hayagreeva pooja? 4) I was told vaishnavate do not worship anjenya is it true?, they should not ; to anjenya temple and they should not consume the prasadam given there. why is it so, when i asked this to one learned scholar he told me that anjenya is non other than lord siva is this the reason for not worshipping. Then how to worship when we ; to ramar temples?


1. Gingili oil (Seasame oil) known as NalleNNai is good for lighting lamp at home as well as at all temples. It is also good for health and Srivaishnavite should use the Seasame oil than any other oil. It is said, the carbon emanated from this Gingili oil releases the negative forces from the surroundings where the lamp is lit with this oil, thus cleansing the surroundings. The practice of using food items, clothing and all came from the necessity for each region; this was based mainly on the climatic, topographical conditions and the needs of local according to the availability of products. for isntance, people from Eastern India uses cummin seeds oil (Kadugu eNNai) which protects them from winter cold; likewise, in Kerala the cultivation of Coconut is high, the availability is a plenty hence they use it. 

2. Though for Srivaishnavites Srimann NarayaNa is the prime and only deity to worship, all the scented flowers can be used for Him along with Tulsi - which is a must and most important as Sri Mahavishnu is known as Tulasi Priya! Yes, there are many flowers that are used for each Navagraha deity.

3. Yes, one can worship Lord Sri Lakshmi Hayagriva for gaining knowledge, wisdom and good education.

4. Sri Anjaneya known as Hanuman is part & parcel of Sri Maha Vishnjus paraphernalia (Srivaishnava Mudra) known as Shanku (conch), Chakra (The divine Wheel), Namam (Thiruman), Garuda (The Carrier of Sri Vishnu) and Hanuman. The above five emblems are part of Srivaishnava culture and one can prominently see these in all Temples and even in the Magazines published by many Vaishnava sect publications. However, worshiping Sri Hanuman separately is not recommended. Either they can do the same along with Sri rAma & Seetha. It is certainly not against Srivaishnava culture to worship Hanuman. He is known as Siriya Thiruvadi and Garuda is known as periya Thiruvadi. Why, even Lord Sri Yoga Nrusimha has passed on the Shanka & Chakra to Hanuman to be kept while Sri Nrusimha went on to Yoga stage. This can be ascertained from the history of Srivaishnava Divyadesam at Sholinghar near Arakkonam, which is known as Kadikai aka Kadikachalam, where a separate Sannidhi  is established in the small hill near the main hill of Sri Narasimha swamy temple at Sholinghar. Even, the Bhagavad-Gita was pronounced for the indirect hearing for Hanuman. Hanuman was sitting on the flag pole of the Chariot driven by Parthasarathy - Sri Krishna while delivering the Gita Upadesam to Arjun. This one can ascertain from many factors emerging from Sri Bhagavad-Gita. If it was that of Shiva amsam then they should portrait Hanuman with Vibhoothi or the holy ash the Smarthas use. Wherein, youll see everywhere in all temples Hanuman with white paste Namam and Srichoornam. Only while doing neivedhyar known as prasadam offerings, they should offer it firstly to the Main deity and then to other daities and lastly to Hanuman.


Thanks for your reply. It is really very informative. In continuation of the question 1, I was told that usage of Ghee will give whealth, usage of grounnet oil will lead to debts, usage of cocunut oil will give knowledge, usage of villakuennai will give moksham etc, is all these true. For question 4: To get rid of navagraha dosha, anjenya worship is widely accepted. If we cannot worship Anjenya seperately then what is the alternate. What is the significane of vennai kappu to anjenya, vadamalai etc. Shall we recite hanuman chalisya?

Answer: Though, according to the Srivaishnava sampradaya, usage of Gingili oil is the prime one, using other oils for different needs are not prohibited. Yet, the mixture of other oils give some benefits but the limitedness is certain. Different oils for different dieties are not the one for Srivaishnavas!

As for Sri Hunaman aka Anjaneyar, one can offer Tulsi, Betal Leaves, fruits, Lime etc. as garland on occassions. However, the Vadai Malai garland is a very interesting story behind the theme.  According to the Ramayana on his return from Srilanka, following Lord Sri Ramas victory over Ravana and the subsequent coronation of Lord Rama and Sita in Ayodhya, all the guests attending the coronation received gifts before their departure. But when it came to Sri Anjaneya, Lord Sri Rama said that Sri Anjaneyar would remain with him always. Overjoyed, Sita Devi made a Vadai Maalai for Sri Anjaneyar and adorned it on him so that he would eat it and be happy. Since then, the practice of adorning Sri Anjaneyar with the Vadai Maalai came into existence. Devotees adorn the Vadai Maalai to please Sri Anjaneya and receive his blessings for a happy and peaceful life. The Vennai kappu too is a kind of appeasement to Hanuman. While he carried the Parvat hill to get the Siranjeevi herb, some of the bacterias and mud fell on his hairy body. To get rid of these itch and to smoothen his body, the butter was applied on his body and Anjaneya was allowed to take bath after the application which gave him immediate relief from the lices, bacteria etc. This too now exists as an appeasement to the Hanuman known as Siriya Thiruvadi.


Swami I work for BPO company. I ; early and come late. Daily morning, i do pooja to saligrama. I want to recite vishnu shashranamam, but due to time constraint, i cound not do it while doing pooja. As daily practice, while travelling in train, i recite vishnu shashranamam. It will take 40mins to reach the destination with in that time i will complete reciting. I do like mediation, that no body can hear. By this i get satisfied that atleast once vishnu shashranamam is recited. Last sunday in the upanysam it was told that vishnu shashranamam can be said only in the temple or pooja room. Is it so, if yes, for saying all these days in train what prayachitam i should do? When i checked this with the upanyasagar he has no answer, can you please clarify for me.

Answer: Due to modern day circumstances & compulsions of survival, the time constraints are much more one need to adjust and accommodate. One can surely recite Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam at his/her available time but it should not be aloud and only maanaseekam. There is no harm in doing so if one does the maanaseeka recitals heartily. No prayachitham or pariharam needed for this.


I have a daughter who will be 3 yrs next month. since im coming to chennai during navaratri festival, i want to do vidya arambham for my daughter on vijayadashmi day in a temple in chettipunyam hayagriva temple. What are the necessary things to be taken for this ceremony. Please guide me. Moreover, is there any mantra or sloka to be done by me for the goodness of my child.

Answer: Though the temples offer the needed items in one bunch at a nominal cost, it is recommended to take with you Turmeric Roots, Betal Leaves, Coconuts, fruits and flowers for performing Archana for Sri Hayagriva. If you can afford, offering a Dhoti/angavastram to the Guru is suggested. Guru Dakshina and presentations are upto ones capacity and it is left to individuals.


Namaskaram. Sir, My father has only 02 daughters (me and my younger sister) and no sons. My sister has a son. I am aware that mappilai cannot perform sharddam as they are from different family. My dad has 01 younger brother and he has a son. I want to assure them of something while they are alive so that they rest in peace in old age. Who is supposed to do the final rights for both of my parents ? I want to know according to vadakali Iyengar rights. I want to try to help them as I am aware of the consequences of not doing shraddam. Apart from self Gaya shartham, what else need to be done for final rights and yearly schedule ? As somebody else will do, I cant expect them to do every year so what is the least number of years that we need to follow. I think this problem is there now days for every one who has only daughters and no sons. your answer will be highly helpful for all of us . Thank you.

Answer: Njaathi known as the first cousins have full rights to perform the rituals. However, if your parents desire, grand son too can perform (if Upanayanam has not been performed, then through the procedure known as Kaippil - taking the dharba from the grand-son - some one on his behalf can perform the rites as if having taken a power of attorney). Your parents have the full rights to nominate some one to do the kaingaryam. If property is left by the grand parents to the grand son, then the grand son needs to perform the annual sraardham for life time! If no property is offered, then they can just perform hiraNya or aama srardham. If the husband leaves first, then the wife can perform the rites by offering Kaippil. And if wife leaves first, husband can do the kaingaryam, and continue the srardham to his wife for his life time; then the question of offering kaippil does not arise. This is common to all Srivaishnavas.


Could you tell me about the pooja things and timings for krishan jayanthy?

Answer: It is already listed in the website, please follow this link.


Radhekrishna! This website is very useful. I am an ardent devotee of Lord Sri Guruvayurappa and recite narayaneeyam, Sundara Gaandam, Lalitha Sahasranamam and other slokas as advised by my parents and elders. I have a question about Rahukaalam/Yema Kandam. Why is it said that we shouldnt start things/travel etc during these hours? What is the significance of observing these? Also do the same timings followed in India are applicable throughout the world? In US, we have different time zones etc. and sunrise is earlier than 6 am or later around 8:30 am during winter and sunset is after 9 pm in summer and around 3 pm in winter. Please clarify. Thank you very much. Srividhya Krishna

 Answer: Rahu Kaalam and Yama Gandam are calculated from the time of sun rise. Based on the sun rise timings, it differs place to place. for example, if the sun rise is 6.00 am in Chennai on a Monday, then the Rahu kalam starting timing is 7.30 am; the same would change to Mumbai where there is about 20 to 40 minutes difference during seasons. If the sun rise is at 7.30 then the Rahu kaalam should be from from 9.00 am! One has to take the local timings for calculating the Rahu kalam and Yama Gandam, that is to be calculated from the sun rise timings and adjusted accordingly. 

When the Earths rotation comes about a specific angle to the Solar path, the radiations and ultra violet rays are excessively passed on to the Earth. These specific timings are bracketed as Rahu Kalam and Yama Gandam; doing any auspicious functions or starting long journey during these timings are likely to blind ones brain neurons. This might cause harm to oneself so it was better advised to avoid the Rahukalam & Yamagandam. During the timing of Gulikan, it is said that the rays passed on to earth is very conducive and has cooling stimulations in the brain neuron chips. Thus Gulikan timing is recommended to start any auspicious function. However, for regular jobs and routines this does not apply!!

Though the Vedic reliance and practices were that of Indian Origin and the same was observed since it came into existence, one cannot predict the values it offers or gaurantee for its benefits or loss at other locations of the universe! However, I recommend persons to follow the local standard timings to convert these to their local stations.



Answer: There is not much difference and mostly it can be said that its one and the same. The "ism" is added to many other sects such as Saivism, Pluralism, communism etc.  Persons who worship Sri Maha Vishnu (yes, you can say Vishnuism too) and follow Sri Ramanujas teachings are known as Srivaishnavites or Srivaishnavas. Interestingly if youre from Ahmedabad, Gujarat you might have heard about the very popular song  "Vaishnava Janato", sung by great Saint Sri Narsingh Mehta.


I would like to know about the significance of "Satari", as we would like to highlight the same in our temple.

Answer: Before we get into details on this specific Sadari, one should know the entire rationale of visiting to any temple. Normally, according to Vedic Agama Sasthra, a temple is constructed at a strategic location where the North-South magnetic currents are passing through in high density. On finding a location, they do the silanyarasm with a copper plate imbibed with some specific scripts and mantras that relate to the temple. Then they energize the the copper plate with certain counts of Japa that matters to the Main Deity of the Temple. After this they perform some sort of Homam and poojas to the Copper plate before installing it beneath the Main Idol of the temple. This copper is said to receive the magnetic value from the thrust of the earths rotation via the north-south poles magnetic beams. Then they install the main Idol as per the Agama sashtra. The size of the moolavar sannidhi, gauge, size and thickness of the copper plate, the height below the Idol where it is to be placed are all decided upon the Main Idols height and the availability of current at the location of the Temple. Once started, the Temple gets its holy energy which is added by regular chanting and reciting of Archanas and Sookthams at frequent intervals. Thus the surrounding becomes more energized with positive vibrations.

Now coming to the point, by taking clock-wise rounds of Pradakshanam, one receives the beamed energy from the Main Sannidhi, known Moolavar Sannidhi, with specific counts of rounds. By doing so, the body receives the energy lost in a days work. Then the vessel containing the Holy water, which is of mixed with Tulsi, Cardamom, Clove, benzoine etc. is placed at a place where more receptive of the magnetic values are absorbed by the copper vessels. The holy water thus gets the medicinal plus magnetic values. Combined with the Praddakshanam, this water consumption to the limit of three spoons boosts the energy level. It should be in a limited quantity to get the value and if taken more than the specified quantity then it is counter productive. On getting the Holy water, the Sadari known as the Holy Feet of the Lord is placed on the head of the devotee. The Archaka should stand from a specific point and offer this. By getting the Sadari, the energy is leveled; while taking rounds, if the body gets excessive energy then it is revibrated back to the sannidhi and if in less then it is absorbed to the needed level from the Sannidhi. Added to this, the devotees too feel much of getting the divine blessings of the Lord through the Sadari. (Sadari - The HOLY feets, Chappel, sandal etc). You can get more details from this link on temple visits. Oh, you have not specified about your temple - which one?


Please do let us know the Cooking that has to adopted during Mahalaya Paksha. What are the other code of conduct during this period covering food, Bathing and anushtanam. thanking you in advance


Answer: During the entire period of fifteen days, it is recommended to avoid usage of restricted vegetable items and use only recommended ones. Raw Banana, Ladies Finger, Sour Gourd, Snake Gourd etc. are few of the recommended ones. (It is just like a Srardha cookings). Bengal gram (Thuvar Dal or Thuvaram Paruppu) is totally to be avoided. Instead green gram is to be used. (Payatham paruppu).

Sleeping in cusshion beds, usage of pillows, using luxury items, scents etc. are to be stopped. Also, to avoid sex during these days. Hair cut and oil bath too to be avoided. Needless to say no soap either, even organic soap. Those who perform the Pithru Tharppanam can perform the pithru tharppanam on all days; if not possible, at least one day during these time, or on ones pithrus thithis, they should perfom the Tharpanam. On the Pithru paksha amavasya, in addition to regular Tharpanam to Mathru/Pithru vargam, oblations to be offered to Garunya Pithrus too. Please read details about this in reply to Gaya Srardham in this same page.

It is widely believed that during Malayapaksha days the Maharishis, the other Jeevathmas, the Devas & Devaganas, the pithrus along with their other departed relatives souls, all come to the earth in invisible form known as Sookshama Deha and assemble along the sacred river beds, the sea shores viz. in Gaya, Rameswaram, and other rivers banks like Ganga, Bhavani, Kaveri, Narmada, Krishna, Godavari, Thriveni sangamam and many other riverbeds. These places are known as Punya Nadhis or Sacred Rivers and has the power and curative effects for many of our sins and ills. So by performing the Tharpana on these days, one gets the blessings from all the roopas of the Vasur, Rudhras, Adithya, and Pithrudevas, and other Deva Ganas. So offering a Tharpanam during this time is given multiple benefits and this is for all Hindus, irrespective of their caste, creed, sect or sub-sect. etc.


Sir, Which mantra/sloka is appropriate to mentally chant while taking morning bath? Can Gayatri be mentally chanted at the time of morning bath? Thank you,

Answer: Though in Srivaishnava Sampradaya, there is a lengthy proceedure to follow for taking bath, I give here only the simplest one that every one can follow easily. Once can recite the following stanzas during taking their regular bath:

Nandinee, NaLinee, Seethaa, Malathee cha malaabahaa |
Vishnupaadaajasampootha, Gangaa, thripathakaaminee ||Bhageerathee, Bhogavathee, Jahnavee, thrithaseswari ||
GangE cha YamunE chaiva GOthaavari, Saraswathi | Narmade, Sindhu, Kavari jalEsmin sannithim kuru ||


Can Akka -Athimbar or Anna- Manni perform Kanya Dhanam 1` If parents are alive 2` If parents are not alive Thanks

Answer:  Yes, anyone elder to the to-be-married person can perform the Kanya Dhanam. Whether or not the parents are alive, any other relatives too can take up the job. Even if the parents are able and fit, the marriage of their daughter can be solomnized by some other relatives or even friends, if the elderly couple desire so. There is no restriction on this.


Pranam. As per my husbands horoscope , since there is some Pithru Thosham , an Astrologer told us to do the "Mahalaya Amavasai Tharpanam like Sradtham (Ceremony) and to offer food to some Brahmins. Can we do the Sradtham (ceremony) on Mahalaya Amavasai ? Please guide us. Andal.T

Answer: Yes, your astrologer is right in suggesting to perform the Mahalaya Srardham, that can be performed either in Thila tharppaNa roopam or Hiranya Srardham. However, Hiranya Srardham can be performed only after performing the Mahalaya tharppanam. Mahalaya Amavasya Thrappanam is like a regular one except that we add the Garunya Pithrus in the TharppaNam.  So one should perform the Mahalaya Srardham on any other day in addition to Amavasya; this can be performed on Madhyashtami or Mahabharani; or on a day in which pithrus thithi falls during the Mahalaya Paksham.


It was a pleasure reading through this website. For a person being a "SriVaishnava", not knowing the scientific meaning to so many practices and following them blindy, it has been an enlightening experience. I have a couple of questions: 1) why do men have to wear a pair of "punul"(yagno pavitham) after wedding unlike bachelors wearing just one? 2) I being a srivaishnava lady in my 30s and married to a SriVaishnava want to get "Samashrayanam" done. Is it ok for me to get it done now? Are there any restrictions on a woman getting it done? 3) what is the scientific reasoning behind offering of "tarpanam" on the amavasya day despite following the annual "Shradham"? and why only the amavasya day for it? Thanks in advance. Regards.

Answer: Men to wear a pair of Yagnjopaveetham to signify taking the grahasthashramam, i.e. entering into married life. Yes, you can get the SamasrayaNam done at any time now. There are fewer easily followable conditions apply for this. Nothing very strict. As far the TharppaNam concerned, all the matters are discussed in Q & A format at this page. Also, the meaning with simple explanations are given alongwith TharppaNa mantram in this website pages.


Sir, Its very kind of you to give us a platform to discuss about the practices of the Srivaishnavam.I would like to take this appourtunity to ask you what kind of oils can be used to light lamps infront of God.Can we know the benefits of them.Here TIL oil is not easily available here i am useing coconut oil for lighting the lamp everyday and on fridays ghee is used is it ok ?if not please suggest other options.Thanking you in advance .Looking forward for your advice.

Answer: Seasame oil (Till oil or gingilee oil) is the first and best option. Where it is not available, the second best recommended is Ghee, whatsoever make it is.


Respected Sir, I have one question. On the sraadha day, we invite 5 brahmins (bruhaspathi, brahma, pitru, visvedeva, mahavishnu. We offer food to bhokthas i.e. pitru, visvedeva and mahavishnu. Can any one of the bhokthas belong to the same gothra as the dead person?

Answer: As per strict niyama, no person of same gothra can be invited as Bhoktha.  However, Brahma & Bruhaspathi persons can belong to any Gothra if they are not taking seat of Bhokta sthana. In simple terms, sahothra persons cannot be offered the Bhoktha of Viswedeva, Pithru or Mahavishnu positions in any Srardham. These are already explained in the page under heading Srardha Dharma & Tharppana Niyama of this website.


dear sir can u please give me details of importance of doing seemandam/valakappu & how & when they r to be done. what r the rituals --what to buy & religious details

Answer: The details and other explanations are already listed in this website at http://www.trsiyengar.com/id156.shtml and hope this would suffice your querry.


Please name the 4 tamil important months in which Tharpanam has to be performed.

Answer: Chaitra (Mesha Sangramanam), DakshinayaNa Punyakalam in Aadi month, Thula SangkramaNam in Aippasi month and UtharayaNa Punyakaalam in the month of Thai are the four most important Sangkramana Tharppanam is to be performed.


why dont you let us into the golden temple complex? why do you give us only a gallery view?is God & gold only for the rich?

Well, you can put your question directly to the authorities at sripuram Golden temple at these email addresses:  contact@sripuram.org or at direct@sripuram.ord . I am no way connected to the Temple or its administration !!


Srimathe Ramanujaya Namaha, I have read about the samashrayanam ritual, is it permissable for a women to undergo Panchasamskaram from the acharya?

Answer: Yes, a woman too get it from the respective family acharyan. Thoughl, the Samasrayanam & Bharanyasam are given to women disciples, but in general, it is best advised to take it  from the Acharyan as couples - husband and wife together.


Dear Sir, I have a kind of generic question. I could not find a category above, where it would exactly fit. Still, I somehow felt I could get a good explanation from you. Thank you for your time. yesterday, March 6th, 2009, I went to perform a remedy in Agatheeswarar temple here in Villivakkam, Madras, as suggested by a respected astrologer I have come to consult, recently. as part of the pariharam, after i had donated the clothes i was wearing, and changed into a different set, I was asked to sprinkle some water from the temple pond on my body. i was about to descend the stairs down to the pond. a priest was seated on the way with a beneficiary, on the way, performing some archana/puja, after the person had done pariharam for Naga Dosham. The priest handed me a pot, like a kalasam, with turmeric water in it, asked me to throw it in the pond and bring some water back from the pond, on my way back. i was hesitant. but he said it very casually and i did as he suggested and went back on my way to finish the rest of my remedial ritual. the priest who did the pariharam for me, he said, its nothing to worry. but somehow, it wont leave my mind. as such i have enough troubles and i hope i have incurred anything new. i very much appreciate your time. i would be very happy to get a response from you. With Sincere Thanks, Lakshmi

Answer: There is nothing to worry about this incident. It is very common amongst many priests to take the help of other visitors to the site to avail help. There is no harm in your act. You can surely get the satisfaction of helping some one on a small matter. Parobhakaaram hitham sareeram! There will be no ill effect on this factor and you can simply forget about it. Be happy, that you might even have got the blessings of the priest for helping him!


Sir, Each sect of Brahmans follow a different Veda. This is as per my Knowledge. Which veda being a sri Srivaishna i should follow. I got upanayanam very recently. so what would be the sri vaishnava procedure for doing sandya vandanam. please help me out in this .I have no elderly person to suggest me in this Since i Lost my father a couple of years back

Answer: As a matter of fact, Upanayanam is performed as per their following of a specific Veda. All the three Vedas, viz. Rg, Yajur & Sama are common to all. Yet, each Veda is followed by a group that belong to such practices of their elders. While you prostrate to elders, you are supposed to declare the Gothra Pravaram that includes your Veda, It is known as Abhivathanam. If you know the abhivadana mantra, you can simply locate in from it, that begin with Abhivaadaye, then names of Gothra Rishis, then the soothram and then the Veda one follows, followed by Gothrram. So, in your case, you need check the Abhivadanam where the Veda that you need to follow is simply included. You can check with your family elders or with the vadyar whom performed the Upanayanam so that you can get your doubts cleared


May I know the place `mothers place or in laws place` for the seemantham to be performed. Thanks

Normally, the Seemantham is performed at the Boy (husbands) home side. However, if for some reasons of practicability and available resources, it can be performed at any places but the general idea is, the total cost is borne by the boys side. Even after delivery, which takes place at the girls/wifes parents place, the expenses for the namakaranam too is to be borne by the boys/husband side!


respected mama, i am married to ahobilamutt followers(vadakalai iyengars) whereas my paternal relatives are hebbar iyengars(parakalamutt followers). what is the kind of srijayanthi(mannar /tholappar/pancharatra etc.) by all of us? what are the dates of this year? regards sowmya

Answer: Since both sects follow the Pancharatra procedures, you can celebrate the fistivals according to pancharatra niyama. For detailed festival dates you can visit this page.


Sir, We are iyengars. Married and have no issus. Undergone abortions for five times. Because, heart beat of the child was stopped during in the month of 4 or 5 months. Hence I / we have planned to adopt a child from an agency. What is the procedure in our vaishnavism. Is it permissible in our Hinduism. After adoption, what will be the next procedure to adopt. Thank you very much jaisreeram.

Answer: In Srivaishnavam and in Sanathana Dharma it is permissible and practiced to adopt a child. The dharma sastra prescribe to bring up the child as that of your own. Thats all.


If an Iyengar wedding is scheduled on Amavasai, is it a must for the parents & relatives of Bride and Bridegroom to do Tharpanam that day? Usually on Amavasai, people doing tharpanam donot eat outside. Is it applicable if they are attending the wedding? please calrify....

Srivaishnavas or for that matter any Hindu community will  never fix or perform wedding on the Amavasya day ! It is a general condition that any auspicious function is to be avoided on Amavasya. The one & only exception is Abdapoorthi/Ayush Homam or Sashtiyabthapoorthi if the Janmanakshatra coincide Amavasya.


Namaskaram Sir! Thanks to you for giving us such a wonderful site to learn about our Sampradhayam. I am an Iyengar women and I have a question about womens menstural cycle considered as Theetu in Vaishnava Sampradhayam. I have been reading a lot in ur website of late as i was interested in knowing more about our Vaishanava Sampradhayam. I was trying to find an answer to this question in the FAQ section. As i dont see any such questions before, i am posting this question hoping to hear ur answer. I dont follow our Sampradhayam completely after my marriage though i was raised totally in it. We live in US and my husband and myself say few shlokams in the morning but my husband does not perform Thiruvaradhanai. I dont ; to the pooja room and avoid telling shlokams during my cycles. But i feel very guilty and confused during those times. I do the cooking during those times too. My husband doesnt give more importance to Theetu and he says, if i want to follow the Theetu, its only upto me and i have to do all the arrangements prior to it including entire cooking for 3 days. I would like to know how sinful whatever i am doing is. In modern times, everything has become very safe and hygenic. Was this theetu observed earlier only for hygenic purposes or is their any other religious significance to it? Please clarify this to me. I get very upset when i get my cycle that i am not able to observe theetu. Regards and thanks.

Answer: In the modern day lifestyles and nuclear families splintered all over, the question of following such rigid practices are becoming meaningless. Though the system mainly emphasys on health & higine, the religious tenets cannot be fully ignored. But the fact is, despite the availablity of modern sanitary products, the naturally emitted body odour and the bodys negative energies produced during the course periods cannot be fully removed. These are the main reasons, one is advised to keep at a distance from the Pooja room. (Oh, in the past, the rigid Srivaishnava Sampradayam prohibited even hearing the voice of a women during her monthly periods!).

In practical terms, how far one can adhere to it, the Sampradayam? What if a family stays in a dormitary single room known as chawl system can do during these days? That too with many women members and going through different days of cycles? It is best recommended to accommodate the religious sentiments as far as possible without mixing generally with others. The best recommended solution is to maintain highest standards of higine; not to touch or have physical  contacts with other members. Avoid reciting any slokas and entering into the Pooja room (oh, only if it is in a seperate room  !) The same applies to going to any temples.

(Ponder a while - how practical it would be for the present generation! When I was a bachellor, at the age of 17 years, I visited one of my relatives home in Mumbai for lunch and the food was served by a person who was on her monthly periods. This I came to know only a few days later. When my grandma came to know about this, she immediately consulted a religious schollar, for a pariharam. On whose advise, I was asked to intake Panchacavyam, then change the Poonal (the holy thread) and to perform a Gayatri homam for 1008 ahuthis as prayaschitham. This was followed by a Theertha snanam at a Holy river! I did everything as dictated. What I feel now is, in the present days circumstances, many may have to do it every month repeatedly, till the houselady crosses her menopause !)


My humble Salute (Dhanda Samarpanam). We are blessed with Two sons whose birth details are as under. 1. M.S. SRINIVAS, PUNARVASU, D.O.B. 01-08-1997 2. M.S. VEERARAGHAVAN, ANURADHA, D.O.B. 16-02-2001 (Srivatsa Gothram) Now, we wish to do Upanayanam for our sons. Our Brother-in-laws son (19 years old) is also there in our family for whom also we are yet to do Upanayanam. Kindly advise us whether we can do for both our sons on a same day even if brother-in-laws son is there. Thanks N Regards G. HARIPRIYA

There is no harm in performing Upanayanam for your kids when your b-i-l"s son is there. But suggest you can take this opportunity to perform the upanayanam to your brother in laws son too at the same venue and date! Then it becomes a samashti upanayanam where only the elder boys suitablity of nakshatra/muhurtham/lagnam would suffice.


With reference to serving of food in plate/leaf, is there a specific way or order in which items are to be served? What is the Iyengar tradition of doing it? Should rice be first served and then followed by vegetables and parupu etc?

Answer: Though this is purely a sampradaya matter the Vadakali & Thenkalai sect has their own serving type. In general, for all auspicious functions, fruit and sugar is to be served first for both sects. Thenkalai sampradaya persons serve with dal and vegetables and then lastly rice and ghee. But Vada kalai sampradaya starts with fruit, sugar, rice, ghee, dal and then other items. But for both sects, only druing pithru pooja known as srardham, rice is to be served first followed by payasam, ghee, bakshanam, dal and other items.


Dear Sir, How are Massikam and Oonamasikams dates Calculated?

Answer: Masikam or Masyams are performed every month till the Aabdeekam, on the specific Thithi of the departed soul. First Oona masikam from 27th to 30 days but before the first thithi masyam. The Tripaksha oona masikam from 40th to 45th day. Sixth oona masyam between 171 days but before 180 days. The Oona Abdeekam between 341 and 355 days. If the Aabdeekam thithi falls before the said Abdeekam, then it can be performed two days earlier to the Aabdeekam.

The simplest general conditions are, it should not on any Dwadasi day, Janma Nakshatra day of the Kartha or his brothers & sons, not on any Friday or Tuesdays, not on any Sunday that combines with Uthrashada (Uthiradam) nakshatra. There are many more conditions apply that you can check with your Bruhaspathi/Vadyar.



Answer: No, karthaa must perform the srardham with the guidance and can be done with the help of Prohitha. Only in case of Kartha has some disability, invalid, handicapped or bedridden due to illeness, then in his presense Prohitha/Vadyar or some one else from the circle can take the power of attorney (taking Kaippil) and perform it. If a able Kartha is out of station or on foreign jaunts, then he can perform it on his return at the stipulated atlernate dates.Please refer this page for detailed clarifications and the alternate days for a missed srardham.


Ive booked a Car in Amavasya time by paying an initial amount, the delivery is later & rest of the amount has to be paid later. It is not considered auspicious to buy new things on an amavasya. Is there any dosha pariharam for buying in Amavasya time

Answer: Nothing to worry about it. Amavasya is considered an auspicious day for Srivaishnavas! However, no auspicious ceremonies such as Pumsavanam, Seemantham, marriage, Upanayanam etc. are performed on this day. If the Janma nakshatra falls on Amavasya day, then surely one can perform the Ayush Homam, Sashtiyabthapoorthy etc. and also namakaranam  & Punyahavachanam too can be performed on this day! To buy a new car or any other Vehicles Saturday is the best day, if it is not falling on Ashtami/Navami etc.


1. doing sandyavandanam in the morning alone will take the individual to what level wrt to srivaishanavam. 2. when an individual goes overseas from india does our hindu mytholgical aspects still work.. for eg doing amavasai tharpanam , thevasam , avani avittam etc etc. the question why i am asking because some one told me that doing all this religious aspects are tailored only to do the things if u are in india. bharatha varushe , bharatha kande.. where as if u r in dubai i cannot tell the same or shall i have to change something and tell.. please show some light on this. 3. what are all the things one person has to do if he is not in india and has gone overseas for employment.

Answer: Though it might look odd, one has to pronounce the place where he dwelves and resides. In such cases, a person staying in Europe can add airoppia kande, and persons in Africa can add Africa kande and the country he resides etc. In your case you can add Dubai varushe Arabic kande. Yes, the sankalpam is meant for the Bharatha Kande i.e. India hence one need to change the sankalpam details according to the place. Continent & country can be easilyy replaced with that of Bharatha varushe/Bharata kande. Carrying your panchangam details to other contries too is of no use, as the time/date differences to that of India! 


I got married 3yrs ago and me and my wife are not yet Blessed with a Child. though we are underoing treaments, I had been told that in case of failure to do PITHRU KARMAS properly our chances of getting good child will be delayed. If my father is unable to do (due to health condition)what is the option? should i do this? Is there anyway we can do Pariharam in any Vaishnava temple to get rid of this.

Answer: Doing parihara shanti homam at Thiruppullani Kshetram is to weed off all sorts of doshams and also to have a goog progeny. You may get the details of the temple and its importance from this link.


Whats all the fuss about Akshaya Tritiya - Also, I read that all the hype is 'fied since "agni nakshatram" co-incides on the day of Akshaya Tritiya this year according to some. What is the take on this whole matter with Srivaishnavam??

Answer: A detailed article is published in this page about Akshaya Tritiya. There is no effect on Agni Nakshatram coinciding this day. The day still holds it full auspiciousness!


sir . iam doing thrikala sandhyavandhanam. everyday. iam reserved to ; for udupi. in train we can do the madhaynika sandhyavandhanam ,sayasandhya please tell if madyanikam in train is ok .

Answer: One can even do the maanaseeka sandhyavandanam during such inetivable circumstances. Oh, one can do the sandya vandanam without water, when not available, one use the dust or poweder mud to perform the same!!


Narayana adiyen dasan swami I am initiated in the Iskcon and after a period of years I fall in love the sri vaishnava sampradayaam and have begin practising as a beginner.And I would love to initiated into sri vaishnavaism but I do not have the mean to travel to India and I also find it difficult to get instruction due to in malaysia we hv limited sri vaishnava devotees. so what is your recommendation swami and I would appreciate is swami can help me out. dasan

Answer: Though Sandhyavandanam can be performed daily, the other rituals such as Thiruvaaradhanam can be continued from the 11th day after changing the Yagnjopaveetham (Poonal), i.e after the Achoucham is over.


My wife gave birth to a boy baby on 25.05.10 at 5:40pm. In the meantime , my brothers wife gave birth to a girl baby on 28.05.10 at 9:30 pm. My question is : when should i perform the punyagavachacnam (incl. namakaranam) for my child ? This question arised because we thought the theettu(vriddhi) will get extended because of the birth of my brothers child. thank you very much in advance for your earliest reply.

Answer: For for both the child, namakaramam & Punyavachanam can be performed on the 7th June 2010, as the Theettu/Pila/Aachoucham is getting over by then. If it is conducted at a different location and both want to join each others function, then it can be performed on the 20th day, which is permissible according to Sastra. Most importantly, the 8th house to the Muhurtha Lagna is to be clean, without any maletics & no Chara Lagnam to be taken. The rest other conditions such as Thithi & Nakshatra can be had from any Panchangam under the head of Namakaranam.


Swami - please accept my pranams. The questions and answers are very useful to understand some of the practices that we follow or try to follow. If you could clarify my below questions, it would be helpful 1. What category of people deserve the Sadari to be placed on their head and shoulders? 2. Why children less than a year are not qualified to receive the Sadari? 3. In some temples, men are asked to remove the upper garment at certain point before the sanctum santorum. Only then, they are given the Theertham and Sadari or stand outside and receive the same. I observed this in Lakshmi Hayagreevar at Nanganallur and at Naramsimhar Temple, Parikal. I have read in one of your earlier answers that it is to receive the magnetic powers into the body that emanates from the sanctum. But still, why this exist as a temple specific practice or does it depend on any other factors?

Answer: 1. A scholarly Person with Srivaishnava following deserves Sadari placed at his head and right side shoulder after receiving Theertham and garlands.

2. Earthly one full year is considered a second for the creator, The Brahma; before he finishes his writing of the fate of the child, it is considered not to erect the horoscope, not to give Sadari etc. and only on completion of one full year and Abthapoorthy, these merrits are given.

3. Quite apart from the general rule that only a qualified person enters into sanctum sanctorum, some temples have some more rigid rules, especially most of the Sri Nrusimha/Sri Sudarsana & Hayagriva temples, where more powerful vibrations are emanated due to the Lords powerful nature; it is aptly advised to follow and adhere maximum cautions while entering these Temples. The nature of powerful vibrations depends on many counts, including Daily rituals according to the Vedic dictats and the temples location, magnetic path and many more points are to be considered.


Dear Sir, My wife is due to deliver a baby on 9th June. According to tradition, Punyavachanam is to be performed on the 11th day. This falls on a Saturday . Since we live in UK, the priests in the nearby temple cannot come on that day to perform the function, as the temple is very busy during weekends. Are there any other days that one can perform punyavachanam and naamakaranam? We would be grateful for an early reply, Thanking you, Sreekanth

Answer: For the naming ceremony  known as Namakaranam & for the Punyaavachanam, the general rule is to perform it on the 11th day for Brahmins, 12th day for Kshatriya, 16th day for Vaisya & 21st day for Soodra. But one can perform it on the 20th day for all the four classes without any hitch. Most importantly, the 8th house to the Lagna of the Muhurtha day is to be blank or clean without any malefics. The most favourable Nakshatra days to be considered if the same is held on other days viz. Ashwini, Rohini, Mrigaseersam, Punarpoosam, Poosam, Magam, Uthiram, Hastam, Chitra, Swathi, Anusham, Moolam, Uthiradam, Thiruvonam, Avittam, Uthirattathi & Revathi. Other 12 stars to be avoided. Sthira Lagnam or benefics with Chala lagnam (Ubhaya rasi) are said to be auspicious for Namakaranam.


In temples, during every day worship, they show the karpoora arathi to the diety and bring it to the devotees. The normal practice is that everyone accepts that (taking it to their eyes or head). But I have seen that in family as well as in few of our vaishnavite family circle, we never do that and rather just leave it when the Archakar brings the plate containing the arathi. The explanation given is that the karpoora arathi is done as to remove the a Dhrishti to the perumal and not to be taken by us. But I have seen many vaishnavites, saivites and others do that in many of the temples. What is the right procedure? What is the significance of accepting it or pitfalls in leaving it?

Answer: In those olden days when electric lamps were not in use or not installed, the Main Deitys grabhagraham used to be very dark and only the oil lamps used to get light which was insufficient to view the Idols with clarity. Hence the Karpoora Harathi in the temples are offered by devotees who wanted to have a more brighter look of the Idols. While offering the karpoora harathi, the priest is supposed to explain the lords postures and its significance with each part from the Kreedam to the feet; thus devotees too get the meanings for each of the ornaments, postures etc. that are explained. (Once on completion of the Aarathi, the priest is supposed to drop the burning camphort at a pre arranged location or leave the plate as it is, but by doing so, he may not get his due share of the devotees offerings!)

By using the pure camphore keeps the sanctum sanctarium out of any sort of pollution and or other radiation quite apart from the camphor aroma that spreads in and around the Sannidhi. It is, thus, creating more conducive atmossphere for prayers, that again produces more positive vibrations/energies in and around the Grabagraha. (Usage of other impure camphore chemical mixed tablet format of camphor than the original and pure one is counter-productive).

It is certainly not an acceptable pracctice to touch or take it by your hands. Most of the Srivaishnavites who are aware of this, do not touch or take the same to their eyes/face or head. And it is holds no meaning. One need not condemn the practices, but educate the masses with the actual meaning that would automatically eradicate these ill found myths.


On the demise of a batchlor, the rituals conducted for 13 days are the same as for grihastas? Is there any difference in prathyabdika shraadha rituas ?

 Answer: NO, the rituals ends with 10th day, instead of prabhootha-bhali, a ritual known as Narayana Bhali is given. There after, no other rituals or aabdeekam needed to be performed. It it common for all Brahmin community, to conduct the Narayana Bhali for Kanya (unmarried women) and Brahmmachari (Bachellor) on their demise.


Dear Sir, i wish to introduce myself as Sowgandhika. Im a Madhwa Kannada Brahmin from tamilnadu, brought up in Mumbai. I am married to a vadagalai I. yIngar i have some questions regarding the vikruthi calendar sir, sri narasimha jayanthi according to the calendar in your website fell on 27th May, 2010, however, according to other calendars it was on 26th May, 2010. could you explain why there was this difference? By sri jayanthi on 1st Sept and 2nd september do you mean srikrishna jayanthi? thanks for an extremely informative website. warm regards sowgandhika krishnan

Answer: According to Pancharatra agama the same was held on 26th May. Sri Jayanthi is Sri Krishna Jayanthi, thats how Srivaishnavas call the festival! The followers of Sri Ahobila Mutt and Pancharatra celebbrate it on the 2nd while the Vaikanasa agama and Andavan Ashram /Munithraya sampradaya followers celebrate it on the 1st of Sept. 2010.


can we perform homam for house on chandrasthma day.

Answer: No is the answer. For any auspicious function, Chandrashtama days of the performer & his/her partner should be avided and not to have Moon in the 8th house to the selcted day of Muhurtha.


NAMASKARAM. Sir my grandfather expired on 7-4-10.his Varshabdhigam is on march 2011`24,25,26,27`,the issue is my parents are willing to perform the Varshabdhigam and the gayashratham in GAYA(kasi). Since the Varshabdhigam involves 4 days i.e...Unnaabthigam, Sodhakumbham, Varshabdhigam, thadhiarathanai.Can it be done there?kindly advise..........

Answer: Gaya Srardham can only be performed on completion of Varshabdeekam!. One can do the Gaya Srardham on the same Thithi but on any other month also later.


Dear Sir, I have noticed a priest reusing the Dharbai (Pavithram) at our Temple in Wellington, New Zealand. I have always believed that you cannot do this, as we are normally asked to undo the knot and discard the Dharbai after a ceremony. Can you please offer your advice on this? Thanks Raghu

Answer: Yes, one can reuse the Same dharbam again and again for 7 times! But there is some conditions for this re-usage; when there is no fresh dharbam available, the used ones are from some auspicious function and it is certainly not used for any other inauspicous function. Your priest is right in doing so, if he followed the given guidelines for reusage. The same is clarified in the article about Dharbam in the page URL: https://www.trsiyengar.com/id65.shtml .



Can Upanishad( Shikshavalli) be recited every day. Are there any restrictions-kindly educate me.

Answer: Yes, one can recite the Upanishads anytime, excepting the days next to Poornima & Amavasya (Pradamai thithi to be avoided for learning and recitals!)


Namaskaram, One of my friend has named his house as "Mahavishnu Mitra". I would like to know the meaning of the same. please reply. regards Latha

Answer: Mitra in sanskrit stand for Friend. Friend of Sri Mahavishnu !  Clever, indeed, he makes every other friends of Sri Mahavishnu as his friends :) (Sri Mahavishnu in the Krishna Avathara has had umpreen friends; no one calls Him as Prabhu(o), or Lord, but all calling him as Krishna or Kanna. One such close friend of Sri Krishna was Kuchela!)


In Vaishnavism & Brahmanism is it Important to perform Sashti abdha Poorthi for parents?? If the Parents refuse will it be a sin for the Children?? will this bering good to the Children??

Answer: It is only a customary and not compulsory. Performing Sashtiyabthapoorthi is only when the elderly couple give consent. There is no sin or otherwise, if one fail to perform it. The Ayush Homam performed during the function is to add health & longivity to the concerned. You can read the detailes from this page.


Swami, We practice fasting on Ekadasi Days. But I am confused, if the day falls on Fridays, should ladies observe fast? This year Sankaranthi Festival is on Ekadasi day. Is it proper to fast on Festival day?

Answer: Ekadasi is important and the week days are not counted for fasting. So one can observe Ekadasi irrespective of the weekday or other festivals day it falls.


My mothers srardham falls on the Soonya Thithi. When should I perform the srardham as normally srardham is not performed on the Soonya thithi. Regards

Answer: If there are two thithis falling in a month, then one is taken as Soonya thithi. There ought to be another thithi if one thithi is mentioned as Soonya. Depending on its merrit, it can be at the beginning or end of a month the soonya thithi may fall; so one has to take the other thithi which is not mentioned as soonya. Rarely in some cases, during Margazhi month, if the thithi is not given, then it ought to be performed in the following month on the same thithi. When thithi Dwayam (two thithis falling on the same day), in cases, the earlier or later date can be shown as Adhika thithi as athi-thithi; But wherever it is mentioned as Soonya thithi, normally there will be another day, either at the end or on the beginning of the same month.


Namaskaram Swamy, I love your website... I Have got my Bharanyasam done 11 years ago when i was a kid, I Feel Srivaishnavas should not follow Astrology and it would not work for those who have surrendered to Shriman Narayana... I want your clarification in this regard Swamy... waiting for your explanation as soon as possible...

Answer: No doubt, Sriman NaarayaNa is the supreme soul. But He Himself never forebid these practices. When a person is sick why one should take him to the Doctor or to a Hospital? We can surely pray and get the relief from the supreme soul - NarayaNa Himself!

When such is the fact, why one should consult the Astrologer to find and fix a Muhurtham for marriage and other auspicious functions?  When all the days and timings are good, why a disciple who has taken the Bharanyaasam should fix his daughters or sons marriage only on a specific Muhurtham fixed by the sooth sayers? Cant it be a Saturday or Tuesday during Rahu Kaalam or Yamagandam or on a Krishna paksha Ashtami or Navami? What is essential, that ought to be taken per circumstances.

Astrology is part and parcel of our system; why, even to do the sankalpam, you have to refer the panchangam to pronounce the thithi, vaara, nakshatra of the day etc.  There is no sin or harm if you needed some sort of guidance when in trouble. In such conditions, whether you have taken BharNyaasam or not, you can surely consult the planetary alignments for some remedial measures. Even in RamayaNa, it is stated, that the auspicious Muhurtham was fixed after consulting many astronomers and astrologers of that Saga, for the Lord Ramas own marriage! We are humans.


My father who is 87 years old is finding it very difficult to perform Amavasya Tharpanam each month. However being the only son to his parents, he insists on performing the same, and struggles a lot. Are there any alternatives or "Pariharams" for this ? Please advise at the earliest. Padmanabhan

Anser:  In such cases one can perform the Tharpanam through a third person (who himself should be a person performing thrapan for his pithrus) by authorizing/giving the dharbam (kaippil). The same will be done in your fathers presence and your father would pronounce the names of his ancesters while the authorised person does the tharpan. And the person who takes just like power of attorney (kaippil) should be compensated suitably. If one is speach disabled condition, then also the third party can perform but only in his presence and after taking the kaippil on his behalf.


Dear Sir, I know that as a woman I am not supposed to chant Gayathri Mantra. I wanted to know if I can chant Lakshmi Gayathri Mantra? I am doubtful because the name of the mantra has Gaythri in it and I was wondering if this is something similar to Gayathri Mantra? Thanks in advance, Sushma

Answer: Yes, you can recite sarva-devatha gayatri mantras; only Gayatri Mahamantra is not to be chanted. Gayatri Mahamantra is also not to be recited unless one takes the same through invoking by a Guru in a systamised way known as Brahmmobadesam.


Dear Sir, I am a Thenkalai Iyengar and performing Thiruvaradanam. I have a personal opinion that on Amavasya day Thiruvaradanam has to be done BEFORE doing Amavasya tharpanam and it is not correct to do Thiruvaradanam after doing Amavasya tharpanam. Same opinion about it on Avani Avittam day, first is Thiruvaradanam and then only Kamokaarshit japam and Khandarshi tharpanam is to be performed. Secondly, for Avani Avittam , some people say Kamokaarshit japam should be done only after Yajnopaveetha Dhaaranam. But in Srivaishnavam website Yajnopaveetha Dhaaranam manthram is mentioned after Kamokaarshit japam. Kindly advise me on the above queries. Thanking you, Adiyen…

Answer: Amavasya tharpan is for your ancesters, wherein the navakandarishi tharpan is not only for the Rishis and Devas, but also for the entire universal beings! (Vedam, Puranam, Ithihasam, Kalpam, Vruksham and so on). There is nothing wrong in performing the Aradhanam after the TharpaNam.

Normally, before starting any auspicious function, one has to purify himself to get qualified to perform it. In this context, taking of panchacavyam and changing of the holy thread comes first! Only after changing the thread one should follow other steps. So kamokarsheet japam or Kandarishi tharpan are not an exception.


We are Sri Vaishnavates. I have few querries, Can u please answer them. 1. Can a husband shave when his wife is pregnant? 2. Can we continue constructing the house when wife is pregnant? Waiting for ur reply. Sangeetha

Answer: (1). Normally, every Brahmin has grow deeksha/beard during his wifes pregnancy and remove on the day of the childs namakaranam. But practicabilty as well as migration to other places for livlihood made them to slowly forget about these practices.

(2) If the construction activities are started earlier to the pregnancy, then it can continue; however, during the period of pregnancy, starting of the construction is not advisable.


Sir, Dhendan samarpitha vigyabanam. Words are not adequate to express our gratitude for the wonderful service that you are rendering to revitalize the declining srivaishnavism. Your web site is so educative and informative and has helped me to do some introspection on my being a name sake brahmin. I have learnt many precious things to practice, which have not been taught to me by any priest or adhyapaks in the past. Secondly can you please let me know the format/template for sending invitation for the abda poorthi ayush homa function of grand son. I follow ahobila mutt samprathayam and my Acharyan is 45th Pontiff His Holiness Srimad Azhagiya Singar. Vachaga dosha kshandavyaha Vigyabanam Dasan Chakravarthi

Answer: Thanks for your compliments. The only thing I ask my visitors is to spread word about this website to one and all. It is a non-commercial, non-profit making website and is broadcast by me as an individual - single-handedly, despite facing many odds.

You can get the invitation format for the Ahobila Mutt followers at the bottom of the article; it is published at Abda Poorthi Ayush Homam article page.


When a brother dies, the living brothers will have Thittu for 10 days . Is it also mandatory that all the brothers should not visit any of the Malai koil (temples in Hills) for the next one year and no Hindu festival will be celebrated by the brothers family for the next one year ?? Would appreciate your clarification on the above

Answer : Yes, for the one year no festivities as the family is said to be observing the mourning till the Aabdeekam. It is not only for own brothers but also for first cousins, paternal uncles etc. Even undertaking any sort of pilgrimage is not permissible (say to Any Theertha Yatra, prayer offering etc,).


Dear Sir, Namaskaram. Adiyen, I thank you very much for your kind guidance by giving answer to my query (Q.no.100 of Srivaishnavam Practices Q & A). I would like to know more about correct practices of our daily karmas. Can prathas Sandhayavandanam can be performed before taking bath? Also kindly advise when father is alive, can the son perform "Mathru varga tharpanam" ?...Thank you for you valuable advice for correct practices...Adiyen

Answer : Only after taking bath you are fit enough to do all the routines! It is that simplest answer.  When father is alive, there is no tharppaNam at all ! So no question of any vargam. And also, on fathers expiry, when one performs tharpan, if mothers father is alinve (maternal grandfather) then also no tharppaNam for mathru vargam.


Dear Sir/Madam, I am an Hebbar thengalai iyengar married to Hebbar vadakkalia. I would like to know if married women can observe fast. People say that married Srivaishanava women (Sumangali) are not supposed to observe fast and it is considered to be inauspicious. Please suggest. Thanks & Regards, jyothi

Answer: There is no bar for any - gender/age/sex/caste, status or creed for fasting. Anyone can observe periodical fasting and especially on all Ekadasi days. It is observed mainly to cleanse the body system and also bring one closer to spiritual path. You can read further details from Eadasi Fasting from this website.


I am not a Brahmin (upon reading your web page I realised to say this to you) but believe in God, I am pure Vegeterian by Birth, even we are following our rules and language within family within house. I am looking for astrology guidance all time in my life. From MY childhood days I love Lord Vengatachalapathy, TTD If you dont mind I am happy to join in your comfort club as a member. Purley your choice. I you dont want to answer. Ignore my Q. Thank you. More details in my Face-book page "GAJA & ABI Accounts and Business advises" GAJA

Answer: Though this website is captioned with Srivaishnavam, there is no bar for others to use these pages for general information purposes. There are many such articles that is commonly useful  for everyone universally, There is no bar for any caste, creed or race to become a follower of Sanadhana Dharma. You may instead send an invite to join in the FB! (as I have already exceeded the limites, I just cannot invite from my end!).



AnswerPoonal has to be changed first and then follows Deva/Rishi Tharppanam. This is common to all Veda followers.


Sir Namaskaram ! My mother had recently expired. Since my brother has no faith in these pitru rituals, I did the 12th day and 13th day rituals with brahmins and my son. I am also giving rice and vegtables on the thithi, every month without homam.for two brahmins. Can I do this as a daughter. What else should I do. Pl advice Also I want to know can dharpanam be done without completion of one year, as I am planning to ; to Gaya/kasi/rameshwaram to do this. Your service is of great one, as we get anything and everything, if our ancestors are happy. I greatly appreciate your time and efforts on these great writings, thanks & regards Manjula S

Answer: It is unfortunate your brother has not shown any interest in the rituals. However, you can, if your position permits, perform the same through some one, by authorising them to do it on your behalf (கைப்பில் வாங்கி பிறருக்காக செய்தல்),just like giving a power of attorney. Gaya Srardham etc. can be done only on completion of the first year srardham (ஆப்தீகம்). Amavasya regular tharppaNam should be performed by the kartha from first amaavasya after sabindeekaranam.


Namaskaram When someone passes away inthe family ans we have to observe the one year mourning period, what are the dos and donts during the festivals and pooja days. We cant make sweets or any bakshanam during major festivals. Can we still perform the poojai and in that case, what neivedhyam is allowed? We cant keep kolu during navarathri. But can we just offer manjal kumkum to ladies? It is quite confusing as each person states different practices. Kindly clarify.

Answer: During the one full year of mourning period, visits to any Temple with Dwajasthambam, Hill station temple visits and Theertha yatra are not to be undertaken. However, regular and daily pooja at home is to be continued. What you simply prepare at home can be offered as Naivedyam.

Though no festivals to be celebrated, offering of Manjal/Kungkumam to visiting guests is permissible. No kolu at home; partaking in any Kolu at others home is to be avoided.

Oh, if I put the entire donts during these period, people might even get scared to observe the entire procedures and skip observing it in total ! Yes, the strict adherence needs on many counts - viz. the Kartha not to shave for that period and grow deeksha (beard) till the aabdeekam, not to use pillows or cushion  beds, no sexual union, avoid taking food from outside places, not to attend any marriage or other auspicious functions, not to partake foods in other Srardhams either as guest or as Bhokta; fasting on all Amavasya, beginning date of each Tamil calander month, fasting the day earlier to every masyam day and so on! Considering the present days circumstances and overseas stays by many, lets try to adhere to maximum possible extent that is practicable.


Can I be informed, if SAHASRA CHANDRA DARSHANA SHANTI is to be performed by Iyengars? or rather Srivaishnavites. I am told it is essentially only the Smarthas who do.

Answer: For Srivaishnavites, it is not a practice to perform the same. However, alongwith Ayush Homam, Vaishnavas used to perform Purusha Sooktha, Sri Sooktha, and or Sri Sudarsana Homam.


Respected Sir, Namaskaram. I have asked this question two times in the past 2-3 weeks but was not blessed with your advice. My question might not have been transmitted due to net problems. Hence I am requesting once again. Kindly advise whenever I perform Thirumanjanam for Saligrama perumal, can I perform for small perumal vigrahams (brass) which I have in my pooja mandiram ? Also advise as to how I can clean the perumal vigrahams (brass) to keep them neat and clean.....Kindly advise me on this...Adiyen..

Answer:  It is not advisable to perform Vigraha Aaradhana at home unless a person has taken Deeksha and proper guidance availed. However, Salagrama aaradhanam can be performed on daily basis from the day of Grahasthasramam. You can clean the idols as you do it regularly for other pooja vessel items. 


Hi, We are only two daughters for our parents. My father is completing 60 years this birthday. As daughters we want to do sashtiapthapoorthi for him. My father does poonal changes during avani avattam religiously but does not do santhya vanthanam as a daily practice due to work. Because he had not been doing Santhya Vandanam daily, can we not arrange sashtiaptha poorthi for him?? What does the shastra say?? Please clarify. Please advise. Padma

Answer: You can arrange and celebrate the Sashtiyabthapoorthi. Birthday celebrations are not coming in the Relegious tenets and it is known as Laukeekam.  Let him do the daily routines at least in his retired life!


Namaskaram This year Mahabarani and Puratassi Masa Pirappu comes on the same day. Which tharpanam should one do. Kindly advise. raghuraman

Answer: Masapirappu is a monthly recurrence but MahaabharaNi is falling once in a year. So Mahabharani tharpaNam is to be performed. (.எது அதீதமோ, அதையே அனுஷ்டிக்கவேண்டியது)


Grateful if you would list out Dos and Donts during the Mahalaya Paksham. Unable to find any authentic material on this. Thanks Angaraian

Answer : Dos and dont s - simple guidance for Mahalayam - Pithru Paksham:

For those who perform the regular TharpaNam should perform the MahaLaya tharpaNam on all the 15 days of Mahalaya Paksham; if not possible to do it on all days, one must, at least, do it on their Pithru thithis, MahabharaNi, Madhyashtami and on Mahalaya Amavasya. If possible, one day with food/dakshina offering to one or two eligible Brahmins (i.e. with BrahmmaNa bhojanam). If it is not possible, then one can offer Raw Rice, Raw Banana, Green gram, black gram, Jaggery and with Betal leaves/nuts and dakshina. Offering of silver coins or silver pieces to a Brahmin during the Mahaya Paksha is said to please the Pithru Gana, the departed and elevated souls. According to ones own personal conditions and resources, one can offer this to their liking if comfortable.

It is advisable not to partake in any parties where outside food is served,  others Srardham etc. and to avoid taking food from outside eateries. For all the TharppaNa days, one has to observe fasting during night time; for those elderly, sick and aged persons can have some fruits or some light cerals instead of full meals at night. (However, taking food at Sisters, Uncles and paternal/maternal aunties are not considered as outsiders!).

The usage of prohibited vegetables such as Onion, garlic, cabbage, Raddish, drumstick, cauliflower etc. to be avoided and only known Srardha vegetable items to be used for cooking at home. Even usage of Bengal gram is not allowed during these fifteen days of pithru paksha. In simple terms the entire procedure are just as one follows for a regular srardham day.


Adiyen Dasan can we do Ekadesi Viradam during Mahalaya Patcham period; There is an Ekadesi this friday, which falls during the Mahalaya patcham period. Some say cannot fast By the way, adiyens father attained Acharyan Thiruvadi on Ekadesi day and he was 102 when he passed away your esteemed opinion in this regard will be much appreciated; is there writings on this matter? dasan Badri

Answer: Fasting, for those who perform regular tharpaNam, is supposedly there for all the fifteen days of Mahalaya Paksha (Pithru paksham) and Eakadasi thithi always there among the fifteen Thithis! All others can observe Ekadasi even during these Mahalaya Paksham.


Sir, I am thinking of fasting on ekadasi days. Lord krishna is my favourite.tell me howe exactly shouldi follow. what can i eat & what not. I am 30 yr old. also 1private question, not only on ekadasi or any other festival days when i pooja to the gods. is it ok to have sex. i read a lot of slokas everyday. but especially on the days i fast i was told it is not correct to ; in for physical pleasures.. kindly advice. if by chance anything like that happens, is it really sinful.??..

Answer: Anyone can simply follow the full day fasting on Ekadasi. The rules are simple and everybody can easily follow. No full meals. For aged and sick, they can have some cerels or broken rice, rawa etc. for light food.

Eakadasi day is fully devoted to the Lord Krishna. It is not advisable to have sex on these fasting days. Devotion is a must in every respect. Strictly, No physical pleasures. To purify mind, body and soul, these fastings are observed. For details please see theEkadasi Fasting in this website, that listed in detail, all dos and donts.


I want to visit kanchi varadaraja perumal temple/vadaraja temple I will start from bangalore at 6am by shatabdi express which is the nearest railway station. Distance from that railway station to kanchi The temple timings

Answer: Temple open on normal days between 6 and 11 am and 4 and 9 pm. There are plenty of town buses and Auto rickshaws available to cover the distance, less than 4 kms.


Namasthe TRS Iyengar Swamy, I have a question regarding Vasthu. For Sri Vaishnavite Iyengars , is it necessary to buy a house that is Vasthu-compliant? Do you think that Vasthu can affect a true Vaishnavite who has surrendered to Sriman Narayana? Is it necessary to buy a house which is built according to the Vasthu Sastra? Thanks, Lakshmi


Answer: Once you surrender and take SaraNAgati, you need not see some unimportant things. But Vastu is just a check for structural and landscape compatibility for any individual and nothing more to it. To cover oneself, he/she wears a dress. To cover and shelter, we need a home to reside. Won’t one consider wearing a neat and clean cloth? Likewise, you can find a place (home) with a compatible place for living in peace. There is nothing more to it. And the Lord will not drop you from the list of his devotees!
Those who surrendered to the Lord why they need a Muhurtham? Why can’t they choose a Saturday or Tuesday? Or during the Tamil months Aani, Purattasi, Margazhi and Panguni - when Vastu Purusha sleep? Why they want to enter on an auspicious day? For ardent Srivaishnavites, brainwashed with fear psychosis, leaving behind the rationale thoughts, they can leave Vastu alone and enter the new house on any Krishna paksha Ashtami or Navami and during Rahu kalam or Yamagandam as auspicious day since both hapapen to be Lords own favorite birth/Avatar days!


In most of the rama sita lakshman pictures, Sita is on the left side of Rama. But normally wife is on the right hand side of the husband. Even thayar is on the right hand side of the lord. pls explain.

Answer: Kshatriya dharma is quite different from that of Srivaishnava culture! Rama, born in a Kshatriya kula - known as Raja vamsa, does practice according to his birth rites.


May I please have the meaning of the saptapadi mantras during Srivaishnava weddings? Thanks and regards.

Answer:  According to Banineeya Soothram, the versus "Saapthaptheena sakyam" which specify about walking together with someone for seven steps, that makes them friends for ever. The entire marriage rituals are said to be with calling the bridegroom as Sri Mahavishnu and the bride is offered His partner for ever. It has very essense of our day to day life briefs, coded and condensed in versues. The specific Sapthapathy, (walking seven steps together) the most important ritual without wich no marriage can be said to conlude. Even is not valid legally, if the Sapthapathy has not taken place according to the Hindu marriage act!

1) Ekamishe vishnudhwaa anvEthu | = May this first step bring alongwith you, all the material needs for our normal life;
2) Dhwe oorjee, vishnudhwaa anvEthu | = Physical and mental strenth to grow and develop with this second step;
3) thrinEE vrathaaya vishnudhwaa anvEthu | = May your step help us stick to the rituals and regular duties of a Brahman, such as Homam, Regular prayer etc. ;
4) chathwaari maayO bhavaaya, vishnudhwaa anvEthu | = May this fourth step bring alongwith you the pleasures, pleasantries and peace be with us;
pancha pasubhya: vishnudhwaa anvEthu | = With this fifth step, the full benefits of nauture, cow and alike be with;
shatdrupya: vishnuddhwaa anvEthu | May the Lord bless us with all the natural benefits, with all Rithu. the seasons greet us; and
saptha sapthapyO, hOthchaabyO, vishnudhwaa anvEthu | the 7th step brings us together to perform all the Yaga, Yagnja together with His Blessings.

Just for the sake of easy understanding, I give the same in Tamil for everyone to understand it clearly.

ஸத் என்றால் ஏழு, பதீ என்பது பாதம் என்ற சொல்லைத் தழுவியது, அதாவது ஏழு அடிகள் எடுத்து வைப்பதை ஸப்த பதீ என்கிறோம், இது தான் விவாஹத்தின் மிக முக்கிய அம்சம். மணமகன் பெண்ணின் வலது பாத கட்டை விரலை தன் வலது கரத்தால் பிடித்துக் கொண்டு ஏழு முறை சிறிது சிறிதாக நகர்த்த வேண்டும்; ஸப்தப்தீ நடக்கவில்லை என்றால், விவாஹம் பூர்த்தியாகாது! அதற்கான மந்திரம்:

ஏகமிஷே விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது;
த்வே ஊர்ஜே விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது;
த்ரிணீ வ்ரதாய விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது,
சத்வாரி மயோப வாய விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது,
பஞ்ச பசுப் ய: விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது,
ஷட்த்ருதுப் ய: விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது,
ஸப்த ஸப்தப்யோ ஹோத்சாப்யோ விஷ்ணுஸ்த்வாந்வேது.
(விஷ்ணுத்வா+அந்வேது = விஷ்ணுத்வாந்வேது)

இந்த முதல் அடியை வைக்கும்போது (தான்ய விருத்தியும், அன்னபானாதிகளின் விருத்தியின் பொருட்டும்) 2ல் உடல் வலிமை, மனவலிமையின் பொருட்டும் 3-ல் விரதாதிகளுக்கு உதவும் பொருட்டும், 4,ல் சுகத்திற்காகவும், நன்மைகள் பொருட்டும் 5,ல் பசு முதலானவைகளுக்கு உதவும் பொருட்டும் 6,ல் பருவங்களின் நன்மை பெறும் பொருட்டும், கடைசியில் 7,ம் அடியில் யாகயக்ஞங்களை குறைவறச் செய்ய அருளுமாறும் விஷ்ணுவின் அனுக்ரஹம் நமக்கு எப்பொழுதும் கிடைக்கட்டும். இல்லறத்தில் உணவு உடல் நலம் மனநலம்
தனதான்ய பசு, பால் விருத்தி பருவகாலங்களின் அனுகூலம், பெரியோர்களின் ஆசிர்வாதம் இவைகள் மிக முக்கியம். இவை பெற கொஞ்ச தூரம் நாம் இருவரும் சேர்ந்து வந்தால் சகா அதாவது சினேகிதர்களாகுவிட்டோம், நீ என்னை விட்டு விலகாதிருப்பாய், நாம் இருவரும் சேர்ந்து என்ன செய்ய வேண்டும் என்று சங்கல்பம் செய்யலாம், என்று அடுத்த மந்திரம் கூறுகிறது. பாணினீய சூத்ரத்தில் ஸாப்தபதீனம் ஸக்யம் என்று வரும். அதாவது இரண்டு பேர் ஏழு அடிகள் ஒன்றாகச் சேர்ந்து போனால் இருவரும் சினேகிதர்கள் ஆகும்

ஸகா ஸப்தபதா ப வ ஸகாயௌ ஸப்தபதா ப பூ வஸக் யந்தே க மேகம் ஸக் யாத்தே மாயோஷம் ஸக் யாந்மே மாயோஷ்டா; ஸமயாவ ஸங்கல்பா வஹை ஸம்பிரியௌ ரோசிஷ்ணு ஸுமனஸ்யாநௌ.

இந்த மந்திரங்கள் கணவனும் மனைவியும் ஸ்னேகிதர்களாக வாழ்நாட்கள் பூராவும் பகவதனுக்ரஹத்துடன் வாழ ப்ரார்த்திக்கின்றன. இப்படி மனதிற்கு இனிமையானதும் ஸ்ரேஷ்டினமானதும் ஆகிய மந்திரங்களை ஓதி இருவரும் முன்போல் கரங்களைப் பற்றியவாறு அக்னியை வலம் வர வேண்டும்.


Sir, recently my father had demised and I had done all rituals at Rajahmundry as per our hindu customs and still I want to do some type of activity so that my fathers soul be happy and satisfactory always.

Answer: You can do the monthly mAsyams regularly on that thithi of his departure. Also to perform the Oona maasikams such as 27th, 45th day and the 6th month as stipulated by your Vaadyar. And living upto their expectations would certainly shower their blessings on you more aptly. You can also perform the Gaya Srardham after the Aabdeekam.


Sir - My relative (Chithappa - fathers blood brother and not cousin) expired recently. What is the procedure for observing theettu? I have the below questions 1. How many days we should observe? (we means my generation and next generation like my son / daughter). 2. We were asked to change the poonul on the 13th day (sudbasweekaram) day, light the lamp at Sannidhi, apply kolam. Till 13th day, we didnt do anything - is this the right way? 3. We were told not to ; to any temples for 30 days and avoid hill / malai temples for one year (i.e temples like thirupathi / thiruneermalai / ahobilam to be avoided for one year whereas other temples are okay). 4. What are the things we should be observing for another one year? I know we should not be celebrating functions like pongal, etc. i.e. all events where vadai, payasam is done to be avoided till the next year? 5. What about Navarathri in case if it falls within one year? 6. Are we supposed to observe Marghazi (preparing pongal every day morning and reciting Thiruppavai) ? I do not have Saligramams in my place. I have not got Samasranam yet. Our usual practice everyday is to light lamp, offer fruits or whatever we prepared after taking bath at the Sannidhi, apply kolam - should we continue doing this. Apologies if I have listed too many questions. But I want to know the right dos & donts Thank you so much.

Answer: For immediate paternal side brothers and cousins for first generation, one ought observe the mourning as one does it for their own parents. Yes, one full year mourning; no temple visits/theertha yAtra etc. Most importantly to avoid visiting any Divya Kshetram temples that has the Dwaja-sthambam; rest other non-specific temple can be visited. It is right that your vaadyar has guided you correctly.

For one full year, there is no festivity including Navaratri. However, daily and routine ThiruvArAdhanam can be done including the Margazhi Aradhanam and ThirupAvai recitals too can be done on regular basis.


My father in law passed away on 27.09.12. I want to know the rituals to be perfomed in the next 12 days. We are in the process of doing that. But still i want to know in detail. My husband has one elder brother and one elder sister. Both married.

Answer:  Normally, the pithru pindam is to be offered daily from day one. But now a days, for want of time and other resources, it is done from the 9th day.  On this 9th day, the offer pindam for all the previous 8 days and the Vaasothatha/thilOthatha tharppanam is performed. 10th day as Dasaaham (prabhootha-bhali), 11th day Ekodishta srardham (known as aadhya maasikam or the first masyam) and on the 12th day Sabindeekaranam. 13th day Subha sweekaram. On all these days no outstation visits, no outside foods to be taken. Kartha has to ; fasting during the night on all these 12 days and also on Amavasya, monthly masiyam days etc. Amavasya tharppaNam is to be performed from the first amavasya after the Sabindeekaranam.

The first one year till the aabdeekam is said to be mourning period; during this time, no pilgrimage, visit to any hill station temples or doing/performing any auspicious functions at home etc. to be followed. As your husbands elder brother will be performing the monthly Srardha masikams, you have to be present at the place regularly and partake in the masyams during that period and avail the pithru sesham known as pithrus blessings. Normally, no Kolams aka rangoli displayed at the fore entrance of home during one year. However, after the 13th day, regular thiruvaradhanam, lighting lamps at the home/sannithi is to be done. No festivities. (Oh, you are mentioning 27th Sept as date of demise on the 24th of Sept? As no phone number is given, I am unable to verify the date).