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Oldest Vedic Script, the Rg Veda, the Authors of Rig Veda, Names of some of the Rishis

 

Before we start getting the names of great Rishis, we should know first the Saptha Rishis, known as the Seven Great Rishis. There is a Saptha Rishi Mandalam in our stellar system which signifies the importance of these Seven great Rishis. The names that symbolizes the saptha Rishi Mandalam are:

 

Kashyapa

Athri

Bharatwaja

Viswaamitra

Gauthama

Jamadagni

Vasishta

 

Apart from the Rishi Mandala names, the Seven Important Rishis names are listed in the Ithihasa; They are: Athri, Bruku, Kuthsa, Vasishta, Gauthama and Aangirasa. However, the Gothra Rishis are in a differently arranged one as : Bruku, Aangirasa, Athri, Viswamitra, vashita, Kasyapa & Agasthya. Please note, that the names of Adri, Kasyapa and Vasishta are listed in the Rishi Mandala, Rishi grouping and also in the Gothra Rishi list. This proves their important role in formulations of basics in the Vedic Scripts.

 

And the next one we should know at the beginning is the names of 7 Chchandas - viz., Gayatri, Ushnik, Anushtub, Bruhathee, Bhangthi, Thrushtup and Jagathee. These are the notations that one will see in every Vedic script that pronounces the names of Rishis who composed it and the Chhandas that it belong to and finally the Devatha it is in composition within. Now let us proceed with knowing the names of the Great Rishis, who composed the oldest script known as Rg Veda (Rig Vedam).

Following are the known names of the Rishis, but not all of them so popular; all these Rishis composed many versus of Mantras mentioned included, which are part of the syllabi of various Upanishads. Those who are of Sama Veda and perform the Upakarma, might have come across mose of the following Rishis names.  Each syllabi divided into various Parts known as Mandalas that comprises 64 chapters Sakala Sakha are classified in a different method in the Bhaskala sakha of Rigveda (with minor variations) into ten mandalas. The first mandala has 191 sookthas, then in the order from 2nd to 10th mandalas, respectively 43, 62, 58, 87, 75, 104, 103, 114 and 191 sookthas are present. The number of Riks in each suktha or each mandala is vary significantly. Say for example in the first mandala there are 2006 Riks included 191 sookthas and in the last Mandala has 191 sookthas but consists of only 1754 Riks.

One might have heard the names of some of the Rishis who have composed our Puranas (The oldest Scriptures), Itihasas (History of Great Indian Events) etc. But we might not have heard the names of majority of the Rishies who composed Veda mantra. Some of the names are special. However if a researcher would like to go deep into the subject of the 'names' of these Vedic Rishis, he can understand that these names have very special meaning or message. Given below are the names of Rishis who composed the Rig Veda. These names are presented here only just to give an awareness on the names of the Vedic Rishis: (What I heard is there were more than 182 Rishis, but I could gather the names of only 161 Rishis. If anyone is in the know of the other names, kindly send it to me, so as to include the missing names and publish the omitted names of the great Sages of yesteryears).

  1. Kanwa

  2. Sunsepha

  3. Aangeeras

  4. Athri

  5. Praskanwa

  6. Savya Aangeeras

  7. Nodha Gouthama

  8. Gouthama Rahoogana

  9. Kuthsa Aangeerasa

  10. Kasyapa

  11. Dhairghathamas

  12. Romasa

  13. Daivodaasi

  14. Ouchadthya

  15. Agasthya

  16. Lopaamudra

  17. Gurthsamada Sounaka

  18. Viswamitra Gaadhina

  19. Rushabha Viswamitra

  20. Utkeela kaathya

  21. Katho Viswamitra

  22. Gaathee Kousika

  23. Bhartha

  24. Prajapati Viswamitra

  25. Vamadeva Gouthama

  26. Thrasadsyu

  27. Athreya

  28. Kumara Athreya

  29. Vrusojaana

  30. Vasusrutha

  31. Isha athreya

  32. Gaya athreya

  33. Suthambhara Aathreya

  34. Dharuna Aangeerasa

  35. Pururathreya

  36. Vaprirathreya

  37. Prayaswantha Aathreya

  38. Sasa Aathreya

  39. Viswasaama Aathreya

  40. Gopayana

  41. Loupaayana

  42. Vasooyava Aathreya

  43. Bharatha Raja

  44. Viswamithrarathreya 

  45. Babhrurathreya

  46. Gaathurathreya

  47. Prabhuvasurangeerasa

  48. Athri Bhouma

  49. Avathsaara Kasyapa

  50. Sadaavuruna Aathreya

  51. Prathikshathra Aathreya

  52. Achanaana Aathreya

  53. Bharadhwaaja

  54. Bharhaspathya

  55. Suhotra Bharadwaja

  56. Bharathwaja

  57. Samyu Bruhaspati

  58. Gargya Bhradwaja (There are many Rishis from Bharadwaaja kula)

  59. Maitravaruna

  60. Vasisthaputra

  61. Viswamanu

  62. Vaivaswatha Manu

  63. Medhathithi Kanwa

  64. Syaavascha Aathreya

  65. Naabhakakanwa

  66. Syaavascha Aathreya

  67. Viroopa angeerasa

  68. Thrisoka Kanwa

  69. Vasosavya

  70. Ghora Karna

  71. Bhaga Praagatha

  72. Pragaatha Kanwa

  73. Purhanma Aangeerasa

  74. Haryatha Praaagaatha

  75. Gopavana Aathreya

  76. Kurusutri Kanwa

  77. Kruthsa Bhargava

  78. Ekadhyunoundhas

  79. Kuseedikanwa

  80. Krishna Aangeeras

  81. Nrumedha Aangeeras

  82. Thirascheera Aangeeras

  83. Repha Kasyapa

  84. Nomobhargava

  85. Jamadagnir Bhargava

  86. Sobhari Kanwa

  87. Medhathithi Kanwa

  88. Hiranyasthoopa Aangeeras

  89. Darddyachyutha

  90. Bindhurangeeras

  91. Nidhruvee Kasyapa

  92. Ambareesha

  93. Yaama

  94. Yaamee

  95. Yamavaivaswatha

  96. Yaamayatha

  97. Vimada Aindra

  98. Vasuka

  99. Aindra

  100. Kavasha Ailoosha

  101. Lusadhana

  102. Abhithaapa Sourya

  103. Ghosha Kaakshivati

  104. Suhashtya Ghousheya

  105. Saptha Guru Aangeeras

  106. Agni Souchika

  107. Gayaplaatha

  108. Vasu Karna

  109. Vasukra

  110. Aayaasya Aangeerasa

  111. Sumitra Vandhyaswa

  112. Beruhaspati Lounkhya

  113. Viswakarma Bhouvana

  114. Manyuthaapasa

  115. Suryasaaavitri

  116. Vrushtikaama

  117. Vaikhanasa

  118. Mulagala Bharmaswa

  119. Dhurmitra

  120. Vairoopa

  121. Agniyutha

  122. Bhiskshur Aangeerasa

  123. Atharvana

  124. Vaasishta

  125. Hiranyagarbha

  126. Vagamdhruni

  127. Kusika

  128. Parameshti

  129. Sakapootha

  130. Paijavana

  131. Aapsathya

  132. Brahma

  133. Nainruthi

  134. Vairraaja

  135. Vathayana

  136. Aghamarshana

  137. Samvanana

  138. Naaraddha

  139. Bhabrava

  140. Shoki

  141. Shakalya

  142. Badapaa

  143. Bhaguri

  144. Dhandyaa

  145. Rurukeesha

  146. Bhatkasheera

  147. Kuhusaa

  148. Bhahava

  149. Jaananthu

  150. Maandavya

  151. Mithravarsha

  152. Santhokamaake

  153. PraNavalkee

  154. Aupamanya

  155. Khamboja

  156. Sushravasa

  157. Araala

  158. Dharthreya

  159. Rushyasinghara

  160. Mithrabhuva Kasyaba

  161. Vibhandaka Kasyaba

Above are the Ancient Vedic Rishis who composed or scripted the Rg-Veda mantra. The names of other Rishis & Rishikas, though not necessarily the composers of Rg Vedic scripts are given in alphabetically given in this page.  (It is still possible that some more names might be there in the Puranas and still there can be some omissions. If anyone brings the names of other Rishis too, I shall gladly add it to this list). 

When one recites or chants the Rigveda manthra, just before reading, he is expected to chant the name of the Rishi who composed the manthra, the chandas (chandas is based on the number of letters in each Rik/mantra in the suktha) and also the Vedic deity of adoration (the deity of the manthra). Before we start reciting any specific slokha or mantra, the relevant Rishi who composed it and and the Chandas and the Devatha name is given at first, an example is given from Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam as below :

Sri Veda VyasO Bhagavan Rishi, Anushtub chanda: Sri Mahavishnu Paramaathmaa Sriman NaarayaNo devata..
then the Sahasra naamam mantra is to be recited.

Here the author of the manthra is Veda Vyaasa, The chandas is anushtub and the Vedic Deity is Sriman Narayana (Sri MahavishNu). Here the name of the Rishi, the chandas and the devatha are given in that order.

So it is easy to understand who has composed each manthra. There are many mantras composed by the same Rishi but with different Devatha. There are also mantras composed by the family members of the same Rishi. In the Rigveda text, you can read the names of the composer of each manthra.
To know the names given above one has to read it several times, to understand and know the names of the composers of the greatest and the first literature in the world, Rig Veda.

In the next article, I shall give the Gothra Pravaram, grouping of Rishis under specific Gothra which is the main contents while doing Abhivathanam to elders while prostrating, they recite the Gothra, Soothra and name etc.

 

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