Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana !
Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana !
Tirupathi - Tirumala - Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple - Sri Balaji
traveling through the hills, we will come towards the temple of Lord Srinivasa.
The entrance of the temple is an unexplainable issue. We can see a large
mountain as a chain and in front of it, the white Tower known as Gopuram is seen.
Moolavar of this divyadesam is said to be Swayambhu (originated on its own but
not sculpted by humans). The Moolavar, Sri Venkatachalapathy is in standing
thirukkolam) on the petals of the Lotus. One can see and admire the beauty the
Diamond Crown known as Kreetam on the head of the Lord Sri Venkateswara perumal. On
taking a closer
look, we can see the smiling face of the perumal. His chin is covered with the
smelly benzoine known as Pachchai Karpooram and for the Lord is with 4 hands The upper two arms
holds the Conch (Sangu) and the Divine Wheel known as Chakkaram. The lower right hand is in Varadha hasta pose
which is said to the pose where the perumal holds his hand with his palm facing
the bhaktas and all of the fingers are pointed towards downwards (towards his
divine feet). And his lower left hand is said to be in "Katya
Valambitha" pose where the fingers of the hand rest on the left thigh of the
Lakshmi piratti is on the right side of the Moolavar's chest in sitting
position. And on his left chest Sri Padmavathi thaayar is adorning. The perumal is
with lots of precious ornaments on his arms, he is worn with a kind of
ornament which is like the Aadhiseshan on his both the hands. He is also worn
the Garland of Salagramam and His divine thiruvadi (Feet) is found on the Lotus
to Moolavar is Bhoga Srinivasa Murthi is, who is similar as the Moolavar
but the difference is the Sangu and the Chakkaram cant be removed (its fixed)
and gives his seva as "Sangu Chakkra thaari". It is said that he is
the Lord Balaji who accepts all the dedications made His devotees and gives the
front of Moolavar is Ugraha Srinivasar is a Statue and is named as
"Venkata Thuraivar" and the Vigraham represents that he is in the
angry mood. Due to a fire accident, He is used only on 3 occasions (i.e.) during
Uttanna Ekadasi, Mukkoti Dwadasi and Dwadasa Aradhana. It is said that the rays
of the sun should not fall the idol as it might bring harm to the world. For
this reason the Idol is brought back to the Sanctum Sanatorium known as
Utsavar is called as "Malai Kuniya Nindran Perumal". He is in standing
posture known as Nindra kolam and is worn with lots of precious ornaments like diamonds and
gold. Along his sides are Sridevi and Bhoodevi.
special days and of Utsavams like Kalyana Utsavam, Brahmotsavam, Teppa Utsavam,
the Utsavar is decorated with a diamond ornament named as "Vajrangi"
and a pearl ornament known as "Muthangi" next to ugra Narasimhar is
Kolur Srinivasar is found. He is also named as "Dharbar Srinivasar".
He is brought up to the Thirumaamani mandapam and the perumal's Kaanikkai are
spread in front of Him and are counted and finally the collection amount is
announced in His presence.
to him is Sri Navaneedha Krishnan. He is in dancing position
along with Rukmani Devi. During month of 15th December and 14th January in every
year, which is known as Dhanur month Sanskrit and in Tamil Maargazhi, elaborative
function known as Utsavam is done for this Lord Navaneetha Krishna..
is 4 idols of Sri Rama, Sita Devi, Lakshmana and sugreeva are found. Next to
them is Chakarattalwar (Sudarsana chakkaram) who is taken out for procession before
the utsavar taken out for Veedhi Purappaadu (Perumal is taken out through the
streets). On Ratha Saptami, Chakkrattalwar is taken to Swami Pushkarani and
spiritual bath is given to him.
Next to Sri Rangam divyadesam, only in this sthalam, Alwars have done more
numbers of Mangalasasanam here.
- 7 Paasurams.
Andal - 16 Paasurams.
Thruppaan alwar - 2 Paasurams.
Kulasekaralwar - 11 Paasurams.
Thirumazhisaialwar - 14 Paasurams.
Poigaialwar - 10 paasurams.
Boothathalwar - 9 Paasurams.
Peialwar - 19 Paasurams.
Nammalwar - 52 Paasurams.
Thirumangaialwar - 62 Paasurams.
Total - 202 Paasurams.
Maamunigal has stayed in this sthalam for a long time and have praised and sung
mangalasasanam on this perumal.
One can see the beautiful and white temple Tower - Vimaanam, which is known as "Aananda
Nilaya Vimaanam". This Tirupathi temple is about 400 feet in length and 250
feet width. There are two Towers known as gopurams to this perumal. One is the outer
Tower - Gopuram and another is InnerTower - Gopuram. For two Gopurams, there are two
Pragharams. The worship done in between the two pragharams is referred to as
"Sampangi Pradhakshanam". The worship in between inner pragharam and
Garbhagriham is referred to as "Vimana Pradhakshanam".
into the Temple:
The outer entrance of the temple is called as "Mugha Dwaram"
(entrance) and it is about 11 feet in width. Entering through this, we can see
the Ranganayaki KuLa mandapam, which is on the left hand side. Next to it
is the Pradhama mandapam known Main entrance.
the North side of the Pradhama mandapam, lays a statue of King Krishnadevaraya,
who is said to be a great Shiva bhaktan. He came to this Tirumala divyadesam in
16th century for about 7 times.
the left side of Pradhama Mandapam, a big hall where Marriage Ceremony known as Kalyana utsavam
for the Perumal is done in a very grand manner. A small sannadhi for Sri
Ranganatha is found and it is said that during the invasion of the Mughals on Sri
Rangam, this Vigraham (Idol) was taken from Sri Rangam and kept here in this
sannadhi and proper poojas done for the perumal.
to this, is the Thirumalai Raja Mandapam. In this mandapam, there are
three statues of Lala Khamanan, the Thodarmalla, with his mother and his wife.
we have seen that two types of Pradhakshanams are said to be done in this
temple, one can see the Sri Varadharajar sannadhi as we cross the inner Gopuram.
Next to Varadharajar sannadhi is the Madapalli. (Kitchen of the temple) is
found. There are called as "Poturooms" and the Neivedhya prasadhams
are prepared inside these rooms. The incharge of the kitchen is none other than
Sri Vakula maligai the mother of the perumal. An idol is also found in the
entrance of the Kitchen and because of this, she is called as "Madapalli
the front of Madapalli, a well called as Bangarubavi (Golden well) and the water
from this well is taken for cooking the prasadham, and for Thirumanjanam
(spiritual bath given for the perumal).
doing the Pradhakshanam, one can see the sannadhi of Sri Ramanuja, the Sri Vaishnava
AchArya. In this sannadhi, the Holy Water known as theertham and Satari are offered for
the bhaktas. There is no sannadhi for any Aacharyaas for any of the Alwars but
this is the only
sannadhi for the great Vaishnavite, Sri Ramanuja.
the side of Sri Ramanujar sannadhi, a sannadhi for Yoga Narasimha Swamy He is giving his seva in Yoga position holding Sangu and Chakkaram on his
hands which is lifted upwards.
after worshipping all these, we will come across Thirumaamani mandapam, where 'Garuda'
the Vehicle of Sri Mahavishnu is found. There is a small vimaanam found on top of Garudalwar
the west of Thirumaamani Mandapam, the Bangaru Vakili (the golden entrance) is
found. And two Dwara Balagaas, jayan and Vijayan are on either side of
the entrance. A custom by named "Thiruppaavadai" is done here during
which large quantity of cooked rice are spread in this mandapam and Bhoga
Srinivasamurthi is brought to this custom to accept it.
crossing the Bangaru Vakili, we can enter into a mandapam by named Snapana
mandapam. This mandapam is also called as "Thiruvilam Koil", where
Bhoga Srinivasa murthi is found.
crossing the Snapana Mandapam, we can find Rama medai where statues of Hanuman,
Angadhan and sugreev are found and to opposite of this medai, we can see statues of
Anantham, Garudan and Vishwa karma made of five metals known as Panchalokam.
Rama medai, one can enter the Sayana mandapam, where the perumal is put to
sleep in night (Ekantha seva).
the Sayana Mandapa is the Garbhagriham. (the moolavar sannadhi).
Sriman Narayanan is found as Lord of the Seven Hills known as "Eazhumalayaan" stands in this temple all
alone in Nindra thirukkolam and is giving the seva to lots and lots of Bhaktas.
After the world has been created, Trethayugham, Dwaparayugam and Krithayugam all
went and in all these yugam, as stated by Sriman Narayanan in Mahabharatham, he
took Avathaar in some form to establish Dharma and fought and destroyed
"Adharma" or evil.
all these Yugams finished, Kali yugam started from then, all sorts of Evil things
started to spread along throughout the world. Great Emporers lost their Empire
and lots of Yogis and Rishis were killed and their wives were captured by
Arakkas (Demon). At that Kaliyugam, a wild demon by named "kali"
emerged in this yugam who made the earth loose its beauty and spread various
evil aspects in the midst of the human minds.
Kaliyugam, person who has money and body strength are respected and all the good
things like human relationship, guru and his students relation, cheating others
for money and lots of sinful action were performed.
Brahma was so scared on seeing the Earth in this manner. Finally he thought, the
right person to cure this is Sriman Narayanan and if his divine thiruvadi (feet)
is touched on the lands of earth, it might regain its lost beauty and if at
a drop of his blood is shed on earth, the earth become pure and thereby all evil
things might diminish. He said this to Narada Maharishi and he should take of
the Maharishis had a meeting that a very big Sacrifice known as Yaagam must be done and how much
amount credit should be given to which god? Narada told that it should be given
to one among the 3 moorthies who stands as the structure of Dharma and Sathyam
and he should be capable of withstanding all sorts of Adharmams. Finally, he
ends by saying that Brighu Maharishi is the right person who can do this in
finding among the 3 Moorthies who is person with the said Characters.
he went straight to Siva logam where Lord Shiva and Parasakthi are found closed
to each other. It is one of the Universal truth that the union of Shivan and
Sakthi is said to be the way made for the Dharma to come all its way. But,
since Brighu Maharishi was so angry that his presence was not being noticed, and
gave him the Curse that on the earth, Lord Shiva would be done pooja only in
the form of Lingam but not in the form of Statues (or) Vigrahams (Idols). This
is the reason that Shiva Lingams are found in all Shiva temples but not
this, Brighu Maharishi went to Brahma devan's Sathya logam. There also he was
not greeted properly, he was not noticed. It was him, Brahma devan who asked
Narada Maharishi for this to happen but it is fate that all this should happen.
After being un-noticed by Brahma and Saraswathi, Brighu Maharishi got angry on
him and like the same way, as he cursed Shiva, he gave Brahma devan a
sabham that there should be no temple for Brahma in the Bhoologam and after this
he went straight to Vaikundam.
entering into Vaikundam, he saw Sriman Narayanan sleeping in Aadhiseshan. He
could not be so calm since he was not greeted and taken care properly by Brahma
devan and as a result he had given them the Sabham.
a result, he burst out like Volcano and went straight towards Sriman Narayanan
and kicked him on his Thirumaarbhu (divine chest). After being kicked, Sriman
Narayanan woke up and asked Brighu Maharishi to sit and did Padha pooja for him.
Brighu Maharishi is a person who has an eye on his feet. Because of this he was
so angry and the perumal plucked the eye from his feet and as a result he lost
all of his anger and finally thought that all of the Yoga credit must be given
to Sriman Narayanan and came to the Yoga place.
we can notice, it was Brahma devan that who started the process of finding to
whom the yaga credit should be given but finally he got cursed that he
should not be worshiped in the earth. Its all a pre-written one and it is left
to destiny that
these are the things that should happen. But,
as Brighu Maharishi kicked the thirumaarbhu (divine chest) of Sriman Narayanan,
Lakshmi piratti left him from Sri Vaikundam and came towards the earth. Because
of this, Sri Vaikundam, the Moksham lost its grace and brightness and all of
these are said to be only because of Kaliyugam.
being alone in Vaikundam, Sri Vishnu could not be in Vaikundam and came towards
the Bhoologam in search of Sri Mahalakshmi. Aadhiseshan turned as the mountain
of Tirumala and the perumal roamed all along the earth without knowing what to
do. He forgot all of his duties and he lost his conscious and sat like a person
without having food, water and anything else.
seeing this, Brahma devan and Shiva came down towards the Earth known as Bhoologam as a
cow and calf and were finally handed over towards the Chozha king.
a cow-boy person took the cow and the calf for making them to eat. But in the
land, the cow (Brahma devan) and the calf (Shiva) went towards the putru
(ant-hill), where Sri Vishnu was found. The cow and
the calf went towards the Ant-hill and gave Sriman Narayanan the milk. This
happened daily. But the cow-boy could not understand why this particular cow is
not giving milk while the other do. so, finally he made up in his mind that he
should follow the cow and the calf and find the reason for not giving milk.
next day he took all the cows for the gracing to the plains but his eyes was
watching only the cow (Brahma) that's not giving milk daily. As a daily practice,
the spiritual cow went towards the Ant-hill and poured all of the milk inside
where Sriman Narayanan is found.
seeing this, the cow-boy went to the Chozha King and told the reason why the cow is
not yielding milk but dropping the milk only at a specific ant-hill. Then, the king sent some of his soldiers and asked them to
destroy the ant-hill. On that time, the cow as usual went towards the ant hill and gave
milk. During the same time, the cowboy tried to hit the cow with his axe, he threw the axe towards the cow. But, to help
and save the cow, the
perumal came out from the anthill and held the axe in his head. The axe directly
struck the forehead of the perumal and made a deep cut and as a result, the
blood came out and finally it fell on the earth thus, finally the earth was
freed from all sorts of evil activities that's being done by Kali.
the Emperumaan divine feet was stamped on the Bhoologam, it got its purity and
the perumal gave his seva first to the cowboy in spite of causing wound by throwing the axe on
him. But, as said by the Lord in Bagavath Gita,
"Do your duties, without expecting the return". As said by the perumal, the
cowboy did the right duty of stopping the cow which gave the milk
to the perumal. He didn't expected anything. Its his duty to take the cow out and
get the milk from them. As a result, he was the first person to get the dharshan
of the perumal.
and Sri Srinivasar:
After coming out from the ant hill, the perumal went towards Sri Varagha moorthy
who helped out Bhoomipiratti from Hiranyatshakan, when the perumal took the
Avathar as "Sri Varaghar". The perumal asked for some place to stay in
the hill. As Varaghar could easily feel that the perumal is feeling the absence
of Lakshmi piratti, he offered the perumal some land on the hill and he asked
for a boon - varam. It is that every bhaktas should worship Varagha swamy first then
only they should worship the Sri Srinivasa perumal.
they worship him directly with praying Varagha moorthy, the perumal should not
give his blessing nor take their offerings. The perumal accepted it and promised
him that the Prasadham and his darshan will be offered first to Varagha moorthy
and then only it would be offered to the perumal in Tirupathi. Thus, the perumal
got the place to stay on and this hill is the Venkatachala hill (Tirumala).
Varagha moorthy also sent Vakula maligai along with the perumal to help him out
in the house. Vakula maligai is none other than Yasodha the mother of Sri
Krishnan in Sri Krishna Avatar. During that avatar, the perumal had promised
her that in Kali Yuga that she will be given his seva and she will be seeing
the perumal in Kalyana Vaibhavam, as Kalyana Moorthy.
This is said to be one of the sacred
pushkarani of this sthalam and is situated two miles away from the temple and it is
believed that devas regard this theertham as "Amirtham" (nectar).
This theertham is found 3 miles away from the temple. As the name implies, if
taken bath in this theertham, one can get rid from all of his/her sins.
theertham, Ramakrishna theertham, Jabali theertham, kapila theertham, Vaikunta
theertham, Tumburu Punya theertham, Kumara dharma theertham are some of the
theerthams found in this sthalam.
And worships (Utsavams
temple is opened all of the day but closed only for some hours of time. This
implies how the perumal is giving his seva to his bhaktas.
the morning, Suprabhadha dharshan is done, during which the Bhoga Srinivasar
murthi is taken from the sayana mandapam to Garbagriham. Mangala Harathi and a
mixture of cow's milk, butter and sugar are mixed as offering to the perumal and
this is given as Prasadham to the Bhaktas.
Archana is done during which the Thriunamam (names) of the perumal is said.
Thursday a special pooja by name "Poolangi seva" is done. During this,
the perumal is seen only in a dhoti and a uthriyam, without mere ornament and an
garland. It is one of the special seva that all bhaktas should see.
on Friday, Arjitha seva is done Brahmotsavam and Ratha Sapthami are the two grand
functions held for the perumal. The Brahmotsavam is also known as "Purattasi
month Utsavam" and it is done during September and October.
Brahmotsavam, the perumal (Utsava murthi) gives his seva on Various Vahanams. On
the nights of the utsavam, he is found on Hamsa Vahanam, Peddha Vahanam,
Muthyapupandri Vahanam, Sarva Bhoopala Vahanam, Garuda Vahanam, GajaVahanam,
Chandraprabai Vahanam, Ashwa Vahanam. Likewise on the day, he is found on sesha
Vahanam, Simha Vahanam, kalpavriksham Vahanam, Mohini Avathara Vahanam,
Hanumantha Vahanam, Surya Prabhai Vahanam are done.
seva on the fifth day of the Brahmotsavam is one among the special Vahanam
during which the special and precious Makara Kandigai is worn for the Utsava
the 11th day, Theerthavari is done for the perumal is Swami Pushkarani.
Theerthavari means the perumal is taken to the Swami Pushkarani and dipped in
the theertham (ie) he is given bath in that pushkarani and after that all the
bhaktas take bath there and finally all their sins are said to vanish.
Tirucchanoor is 5 kms From Tirupati, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh.
sthalam is also called as "Alarmelmangapuram". This is the separate
sthalam for Thaayar.
Moolavar Thaayar is Alarmelmangai thaayar and she is facing along East
direction. The Thaayar is also named as "Padmavathi". In Tirucchanoor,
a very big pushkarani is there and it is said that only in this pushkarani,
Mahalakshmi thaayar did tapas on sitting on a very big lotus flower.
Devi Padmavathi in all her bridal glory is worshipped. It is customary to
worship the Goddess here after darshan of Lord Venkateswara at Tirumala.
deity, Sri Padmavati Devi is seated in "Padmasana position", holding a
Lotus in both of her upper hands. Her lower hands are in poses of
"Abhaya", fearlessness, and "Varada", benediction.
sannadhis for Lord Krishna, Balarama, Sundararaja Swami, Surya Narayana Swami
and Venkatachalapati are also found on the "Pragharams".
there is a Shiva temple dedicated to Sri Parasareswara.
Now let us see the other
factors that gives more information and hitherto commonly unknown
facts, that pulls crowd to this Holy Shrine of Tirumala Tirupati
Astonishing Wonders of Tirupathi
There are lots of hitherto
unknown secrets and more regular procedures, that is not noticed even
by a regular visitor, in the Lord Sri Balajiís temple and the Idol;
here are some factors:
Silathoranam is a kind of
Rock which is situated one Kilo meter distance from the Tirupati
temple; the rocks are said to be 2500 million years old! Lord Sri Balajiís Statue and
the rocks from Silathoranam are of the same kind and are
available only at Tirupati; no where on the earth one will find this
specific sort of Rocks!! Even todate, the Idols of Sri Balaji are made
from this specific rock and supplied to many other temples all over
There is a special training
center for the Sthapathis (sculptors) from where scores of sculptures
trained (Sthapathi) with authentic Vedic type training is given to the
Artists to chisel out each of the diety's Idol.
Benzoine (Pachhakarpooram) is applied on the Chin of the Lordís statue at Tirupathi on
daily basis. If the same applied routinely on any other sort of rocks,
the rock splits and breaks because of its chemical proposition;
wherein, this specific rock from Silathoranam/Lord Sri Balajiís
statue never get affected despite applying the benzoine for centuries,
Any man made rock statues
will have the sign of cizil marks at one or other place. Also, most
man made statues of rough in nature. Where as the Statue at Tirupathi
is with stunning shining and smoothness, as if the stone is polished;
even the ornaments appearing in His Ears, arms and His Holy body seems
to be naturally polished with smoothness.
The Lordís statue always
found to be hot and feels of 110 degree F. Despite the Abishekam in the
early morning at 4.30 am daily, there is always sweating in His body!
They wipe out the sweat with costly silk cloths. During every
Thursday, when they remove the ornaments for Abhishekam, the jewellery
items are felt too hot as if taken from an oven!
Tirupathi Templs, the prayer
methods, Hundi collections and the Pooja methods all are an
astonishing historical events, that is experienced till date.
The Kitchen of the temple is
large in area. Pongal, Curd rice, Tamarind Rice, Chitrannam, Vada,
Kesari etc. are cookd in a larger measure, every day.
Every day, the curd rice
offering (thayir sadam) is provided in a new Mud Pot. Excepting this mud pot and curd rice,
no other preparations are sent into the Garpagraham after the
Kulasekarapadi (an entrance step). Even though, costlier than costliest
vessels are available with the Temple, the Lord likes to have his
meals in the Mud pot only. If a gifted soul gets the Mud pot and the
remainder curd rice, he is the most luckiest person on the earth!
The Lordís Dress weighs 6
Kilogram and 21 ft+ in length (21 muzham size) made of Silk SARI type
peethambaram. One cannot buy this in any shop as the same specially
made to the Temple through the templeís weavers. One has to pay
Rs.12,500 for this offering of Dress and need to wait for over three
years! As only on a Friday they put this Mel-saththu Vastram, offering
person has to wait after paying the funds and obtaining the receipt!
the inner garment (Ulsaathu-vasthram) costs Rs.20,000/- per set. Every
Friday, from fifteen devotees they collect and one has to wait for TEN
full years to get this cloth offering