Vishnu Sahasranamam - An in-depth study that adds glorious value to
Sri Vishnu Sahasranam
Sahasranamam Slokha 73 - 84
Page - 7 of 9
stavyah / a) He Who is worthy of
praise. b) He Who is praised by all, but who does not have to praise
anyone else. Om stavyaya namah.
685. stava-priyah / He Who is pleased by the praise in
whatever form it is offered. om stava-priyaya namah.
stotram / The Eulogy Incarnate. Om stotraya
stutah / He Who is praised. Om stutaya
stota / a) He Who praises those who extol Him. b) He Who is also
the form of the Eulogizer of Bhagavan. Om stotre namah.
rana-priyah / a) He Who delights in battle. b) He Who
delights in the auspicious sounds in places of worship. c) He Who
moves around happily in the form of the Sun etc. Om rana-priyaya
690. purnah / He Who is complete. Om purnaya namah.
691. purayita / The Fulfiller of the desires of His devotees.
Om purayitre namah.
punyah / a) The Purifier. b) He Who is excellent in performing
pious activities. Om punyaya namah.
punya-kirtih / He Whose kirti or praise is also purifying
(in addition to Him being the Purifier). Om punya-kirtaye namah.
anamayah / a) He Who removes the disease of samsara. b) He
Who is beyond pain or suffering - internal, external, karma-related,
etc. om anamayaya namah.
mano-javah / He Who is swift
as thought. Om mano-javase namah.
tIrtha-karah / a) He Who is the source of the holy waters.
b) He Who makes us cross over the ocean of samsara. c) He Whose
touch of hand is purifying. d) He Who has provided simple steps to
access Him through His various incarnations. Om tirtha-karaya namah.
vasu-retah / a) The Source of Luster. b) He Who
shines like gold in the context of creation.
c) He Who is the cause or origin of the universe. Om vasu-retase
699. vasu-pradah / a) The Giver of Treasure (in the form of
Himself). b) The Giver of Glory or Dignity. c) The Bestower of
moksham. d) He Who provides the place for dwelling for all beings.
Om vasu-pradaya namah.
700. vasu-devah / a) He Who pervades and sports. b) The
Son of vasudeva. c) The presiding Deity of the well-known
12-lettered vasu-deva mantra. d) The Deity Who is adored by His
devotees. e) He Who lives in everything and Who keeps them moving
around. Om vasudevaya namah.
vasuh / a) The Dweller (in the hearts of His devotees). b)
The Best of wealth that is sought after. c) He Who resides in the
Milk-Ocean. d) He Who is in the form of the vasu-s. e) He Who lives
in everything and in whom everything lives. f) He Who conceals
Himself (from those who are not devoted to Him). g) He Who is the
final dwelling place for all. Om vasave namah.
702. vasu-manah / a) He Who has a Mind which thinks of His
devotees as a treasure. b) He Whose mind is always with
vasudeva. c) He Who has a golden mind - pure, without any
afflictions. d) He Who has a pure mind (He dwells in every thing
without distinction). e) He Who has a mind which is filled with
vatsalyam to His devotees. f) He Who has a mind that leads to His
removing the difficulties of His devotees. g) He Who has complete
knowledge of the type of body and other needs of all beings. h) He
Whose mind was with bhishma as he lay in his death-bed of arrows. Om
havih / a) The Sacrificial Offering. b) He Who is
satisfied or pleased. Om havishe namah.
sadgatih / a) He Who who
provides the right path for the good. b) He Who is Himself the right
path for the good. c) He Who has superior intellect. d) He Who is
attainable by the good. Om sad-gataye namah.
satkrtih / He of lovable acts, and
full of good actions. Om satkrtaye namah.
satta / Existence Incarnate. Om sattayai
sadbhutih / a) The wealth, in all forms, for the good. b)
He Who is endowed with rich glories (aisvaryam). c) He Who alone
truly exists. d) He Who manifests Himself in infinite forms. om sad-bhutaye
satparayanam / a) The Support for the good. b) The supreme Goal
for the good. c) He Who has the good people as His support. om
sura-senah / a) He with a valiant army. b) He Who keeps
everything that moves around, bound together and functioning as a
unit. Om sura-senaya namah.
710. yadu-sreshthah / a) The pre-eminent among
the Yadavas. b) He Who is Best among those who strive (for the
redemption of the jiva-s). om yadu-sreshthaya namah.
sannivasah / The Abode of the saintly. Om sannivasaya
suyamunah / a)
He with the delightful sport in the Yamuna river. b) He Who is
attended by the good Yamunas. c) He Who has beautiful collyrium in
His eyes. d) He Who lifts up and protects the jivas during the time
of pralaya. Om suyamunaya namah.
bhutavasah / a)
He Who is the abode of all creatures. b) He Who dwells in the hearts
of His devotees. c) The dwelling place of the Great Elements. Om
vasudevah. / Om vasu-devaya namah. [This nama has been covered
under nama 700]
sarvasunilayah / The Abode
and support of all souls. Om sarvasunilayaya namah.
analah / a) He Who is never satisfied that He has done enough
for His devotees. b) He Who cannot tolerate the offense committed to
His devotees. c) He Who receives the prana sakti as His own and
functions in the form of the jivatma (Sri Samkara). d) He Who is
beyond smell etc. e) He Who is unlimited (in His Glories) (alam -
paryapti - end). f) He Who is in the form of Fire. g) One Who has no
end (alam - paryapti - end). h) One Who has no opposition (alam -
opposition). i) He who rejuvenates His devotees who intensely long
for Him (an - pranane ). Om analaya namah.
darpaha / The Destroyer of pride. Om darpaghnaya
darpa-dah / a) The Bestower of pride (to His
devotees). b) The Bestower of beauty and attractiveness in
everything. om darpa-daya namah.
adrptah / a) He Who is not proud Himself. Or driptah.
b) He Who is ever happy; c) He Who is proud. Om adrptaya namah.
720. durdharah / a) He Who is difficult to control (as
child Krishna). b) He Who cannot be constrained by the evil-minded (Duryodhana).
c) He Who is difficult to be held in concentration (except by those
of trained mind). Om durdharaya namah.
721. aparajitah / The Invincible. Om aparajitaya
a) He Who has the Universe as His body. b) He Who has a beautiful
Form that finds entry into the mind, eyes, etc., of His devotees. c)
He Who has maya sakti in the form of the Universe. d) He Who has a
Form that can induce maya in everything. Om visva-murtaye namah.
mahamurtih / a) He of Immense form. b) He Who is immensely
worthy of worship. Om mahamurtaye namah.
diptamurtih / He with a shining form. Om
amurtiman / a) He Who has even the subtle and formless
things as His possessions. b) He Who Forms that are not the result
of karma. c) He Who has a disposition that is not hard, inflexible,
etc. d) He Who has Forms that are indescribable, and not fixed. e)
He Who takes whatever Forms He pleases as His incarnations, and thus
One Who has no fixed forms. Om amurtimate namah.
He of many forms.
He Who is not manifest; He Who cannot be easily realized.
Om a-vyaktaya namah.
He with a hundred forms. Om
a) He Who is many-faced. b) He Who has provided many
different means (such as nose, mouth, etc.) for life to be
sustained. c) He Who has created various life-forms and provided
easy means for their survival. d) He Who is viewed in different
"faces" (in different ways) by different faiths.
Om satananaya namah.
730. ekah - One Who is Unique and matchless in all respects.
om ekaya namah
naikah- He Who is not One only. om naikaya namah
sah - a) He Who spreads knowledge. b) He Who is the final
authority on all knowledge. c) He Who destroys all obstacles to His
devotees. d) He Who is easily accessible, to the point of being
pointed out as "He" by the youngsters of Ayarpadi. e) He
Who is of the form the soma sacrifice (when the nAma is taken as
savah). f) He Who is the final Knowledge, and Who dwells
everywhere (savah). om saya namah
vah - The Dweller. om vaya namah
kah - a) He Who shines. b) He Who is invoked or praised through
words by devotees. c) He Who is the personification of happiness. d)
He Who remains an unanswered Question Mark when approached through
"intellection". om kaya namah
kim - a) He about Whom all questions are asked by
seekers of Truth (such as - Where is He, What is He, Who is
He, etc.). b) He Whose praise is sung by His devotees, c) He
Who is fit to be enquired about or sought after. om kime namah
yat - a) He Who takes efforts. b) That Which already
exists. c) That from Which everything in this Universe came
about. om yate namah
tat - a) He Who increases (the jnanam and bhakti about
Him in the devotees). b) He Who increases the kIrti (fame) of
His devotees. c) He Who expands the Universe from its subtle
form to its visible form. d) He Who is not seen by senses etc.
om tate namah
padam anuttamam - a) The Supreme Goal. b) The
Unexcelled Protector of His devotees. om padaya anuttamAya namah
loka-bandhuh - a) The Relative of the World. b) One
to Whom everything is bound since He is their Support. c) One
to Whom everything is related since He is their Best Friend -
their Father. d) One Who provides instructions as a kinsman on
what is right and what is wrong through the SAstra-s. e) One
Who limits everything through things such as limited life etc. om
loka-nathah - a) The Protector of the world. b) He
Who bestows aisvaryam on all as a result of His unlimited aiSvaryam. c)
He Who is sought after or prayed by all. d) He Who shines in
the world, or He Who regulates the world by energizing. e) He Who
comforts or blesses the world. f) He Who rules over the world. g)
He Who gives troubles as needed to those who need to be disciplined.
om loka-nathaya namah
madhavah - The Consort of Lakshmi. a) The Consort of MA
or Lakshmi. b) The Bestower or Propounder of Knowledge about
Himself. c) One Who is attained through the madhu vidyA. d)
One Who is attained through mauna, dhyAna and yoga. e) One Who
is born in the race of madhu, a yAdhava. f) The nAma that
reveals the eternal relationship of the Mother and Father with the
rest of the Universe. g) One for whom there is no Lord above.
om madhavaya namah
bhakta-vatsalah - a) Affectionate towards the devotees, b)
He Who goes to the devotees who makes offerings to Him through yajna, c)
He Who takes the devotees to Him, who are dear to Him like a calf to
the cow. om bhakta-vatsalaya namah
hema'ngo vara'ngah candana'ngadI |
vira-ha vishamah sunyo ghrtasir_acalas_calah ||
743. suvarna-varnah - The golden-hued. om
hema'ngah - He of golden-hued
limbs. om hema'ngaya namah
vara'ngah - a) He Who displayed His Divine Form to devaki
in response to her prayers. b) He Who has beautiful limbs. c)
He Who has a lovable Form that is pleasing to those who meditate on
Him. om vara'ngaya namah
candana'ngadI - He Who is
adorned with delightful armlets. b) He Who is besmeared with
pleasing sandal. c) He Who provides us all with the means and
ways to be happy. d) He Who has a'ngada as His pleasing
devotee. om candana'ngadine namah
viraha - a)
The Slayer of the strong demons. b) The Destroyer of those who
indulge in vain arguments and distract others from meditating on
Him. c) The Destroyer of the bonds of yama. d) He Who
leads the jivas to moksha by showing them the right path. e) He
Who provides different ways for His creations to move around. f)
He Who is accompanied by Garuda and Vayu when destroying the asura-s. g)
He Who ends the various paths that go from birth to birth. om
vishamah - a) He of unequal
(conflicting) acts towards His devotees vs. His enemies. b) He
for Whom there is no equal. c) He Who destroyed the effect of
the poison that was consumed by rudra during the churning of the
Milk Ocean. om vishamaya namah
sunyah - a) He Who is devoid
of defects when He takes births as one of us. b) He Who is
without any attributes (advaita interpretation). c) He Who goes
everywhere, or is present everywhere. d) He Who cleans out
everything at the time of pralaya. e) He Who is not accessible
when we seek Him through our senses. om sunyaya namah
ghrtasIh - a) He Who sprinkles
the world with prosperity. b) He Who is desirous of the butter in
the gopis' houses. c) He from Whom all desires have flown away. d)
He Who enjoys the offering of ghee in the homa etc. om ghrtasishe
a-calah - a) He Who is
unshakable against His enemies. b) He Who is immutable in His
nature, power, wisdom, etc. c) He Who does not move anywhere,
because He is everywhere already. om acalaya namah
calah - a) He Who swerves. b)
He Who moves (in the form of vAyu etc.). c) He Who rushed out of SrI
vaikunTham at the cry for help from Gajendra. d) He Who is full of
leelas. om calaya namah
manado manyo loka-svamI tri-loka-dhrt
su-medha medhajo dhanyah satya-medha dhara-dharah
a-manI - a) He Who is not
proud. b) He Who does not mistakenly identify things such as
the body with Atman. c) He Who is beyond all measure in all
respects. Om a-manine namah.
mana-dah - a) He Who honors others. b) He Who confers
rewards on His devotees, or denies rewards for the unrighteous (Sa'nkara). c)
He Who removes the false understanding of Atman in true seekers, or
induces a false sense of Atman in non-seekers (Sa'nkara). d) He
Who gives spiritual enlightenment to His devotees. e) He Who
gives a measure and dimension to everything in the Universe. Om
manyah - The Object of honor. Om manyaya
loka-svamI - The Master of the Universe. Om loka-svamine
tri-loka-dhrt - a) He Who supports the three worlds (the
worlds above, the worlds below, and earth in the middle). b)
The Supporter of the three states of experience (waking, dream and
deep sleep). Om tri-loka-dhrte namah.
su-medhah - The Well-Intentioned. Om su-medhase
medha-jah - a) He Who was born as a result of a
sacrifice. b) He Who is realized as a result of sacrifices. c)
He Who makes His presence in the gatherings of bhakta-s. Om
dhanyah - The Blessed. Om dhanyaya
satya-medhah - a) He of true thoughts - honest,
straightforward. b) He of true knowledge - with foresight and
minuteness. c) He of true knowledge - of the Vedas and their
numerous branches. Om satya-medhase namah.
dharadharah - a) He Who supported the Mountain (govardhana).
b) He Who supports the earth. Om dharadharaya namah.
dyut-dharah sarva-aastra-bhrtam-varah |
pragraho nigraho vyagro naika-sr'ngo gadagrajah
tejo-vrshah- a) He Who
showers His splendor on His devotees in the form of His protection. b)
He Who showers rain through the sun. c) He Who showers His
radiance on everything. d) He Who showers His fierce weapons on
His enemies in defense of His devotees. Om tejo-vrshaya namah.
dyuti-dharah - He Who possessed a majesty. Om dyuti-dharaya
sarva-Sastra-bhrtam-varah - The Best among those warriors
who are armed with all weapons. Om sarva-sastra-bhrtam-varaya namah.
pragrahah - The Controller. Om prgrahaya
nigrahah - a) The Subduer. b) He Who has a firm control
over all creation. Om nigrahaya namah.
vyagrah - a) He Who was very enthusiastic (to destroy the
enemies of His devotee during the mahAbhArata war). b) He Who
has no end. c) He Who moves around in many different ways. d)
(a-vyagrah - He Who is not confused - dvaita patham). e) He
Who uses Garuda as His vehicle. Om vyagraya namah.
naika-sr'ngah - a) He Who adopted diverse tactics for
controlling His devotees' enemies. b) He Who can be
brought under control (realized) through the four horns in the
form of the four veda-s. c) He Who can be controlled (reached)
through the Omkara, with its four "horns" - akara, ukara,
makara, and nada. d) He Who has the four horns in the form of
the four Vedas, to control the world through dharma. e) He
Who has many dimensions to His Lordship (prabhutvam). f) He Who
has many aspects to His role as a Bestower of His devotees' wishes. g)
(eka-sr'ngah - satya sandha yatiraja) - He Who took
incarnation as the one-horned Varaha. h) He Who has many
rays of effulgence radiating from Him. i) He Who has provided
diverse means to the different living beings to cause harm to
their enemies, as also to defend themselves from their enemies.
Om naika-sr'ngaya namah.
gadagrajah - a) The elder brother of gada. b) He Who
was born as a result of mantra. c) He Who pervades those who
walk and talk (gada + agra + jah). d) The Foremost among those
who created sound (in the form of Vedas). e) He Who keeps the
brahamana-s healthy (spiritually). Om gadagrajaya namah.
catur-murtih - He of Four
Forms. Om catur-murtaye namah.
catur-bahuh - The Four-armed. Om catur-bahave
catur-vyuhah - a) He of the form of four Emanations (vyUha
forms). b) He Who had four manifestations in His vibhava form (as
krshna, balarama, pradyumna, and aniruddha). c) He Who manifests
Himself as purusha, chandah purusha, veda purusha, and maha purusha.
d) He Whose Supremacy is established by the four-fold Vedas. e) He
Who is in the form of four divisions of speech (three veda-s, and
ordinary speech). f) He Who has four kinds of greatness (vyuha =
mahima). Om catur-vyuhaya namah.
catur-gatih - a) He Who is in the form of the four
purushartha-s. b) He Who provides the four goals: indra, brahma,
kaivalya, and moksha. c) He Who has the four gaits (vrshabha,
gaja, vyaghra, and simha gati). d) He Who is the goal of the
four varna-s and the four asramas. e) He Who is the Refuge for
the four kinds of bhakata-s (arta, jijnasu, artharthI, and jnanI).
om catur-gataye namah.
catur-atma - a) He Who has four forms in His vyUha
incarnation. b) He Who has four manifestations in His vibhava
incarnations of Krishna and Rama. c) He Who has a four-fold
manifestation in His functions of creation, preservation and
destruction. d) He Who is skilled in keeping His atma pure from
attachment etc. (catura -caturya atma). e) He Who is behind the
functions of manas, citta, buddhi, and ahankAra. f) He Who
manifests Himself in four forms to support the jiva in its four
states - visva, taijasa, prajna, and turiya. g) He Who is the
antaryami of the four types of devotees - Arta, artharthi, etc. h)
He Who created the fit being - the four-faced brahma (catura =
kusala, fit). i) He Who manifest Himself in four kinds of
Atmas: jiva, antaratma, paramatma, jnanatma. Om caturatmane namah.
catur-bhavah - a) He Who gives expression to the four
vyuha forms through four kinds of actions. b) The Source of the
four - varnas, asramas, purursharthas, etc. c) He Who created
the four kinds of species. Om catur-bhavaya namah.
catur-veda-vit - a) He Who is known by those who are
learned in the four Vedas. b) He Who is the Knower of the four
Vedas. c) He Who makes it possible to know the four Vedas. om
eka-pat - a) He Who manifests only a part of His mahima
when He takes incarnations amongst humans. b) He Whose
manifestation in the form of this Universe is only one-fourth of
Himself. c) He Who is constantly on the look-out as our Sole
Protector (ekapo + at). Om eka-pade namah.
nivrttatma dur-jayo dur-atikramah |
dur-labho dur-gamo durgo duravaso durari-ha ||
samavartah - a) He Who takes
incarnations again and again for the benefit of His devotees. b) He
Who performs His function of creation again and again in cycles. c)
He Whose true thoughts are always revolving around what He can do to
help His devotees. om samavartaya namah.
nivrttatma - a) He whose Nature is different from, and
superior to, everything else (Trascendental Form). b) He whose mind
is turned away from worldly attachments. (nara-narayana
incarnation). c) He who is the AtmA of those who practice the nivrtti
dharma (Bestower of benefits according to karma). d) He whose nature
is that He is free from the bonds of samsara, even when He takes His
incarnation amongst us (Krshna incarnation). e) He who does not turn
away from anything or anywhere because He is Omnipresent. (a-nivrttatmA
- Sankara). f) He Who withdraws the jivas into Him during pralaya.
g) He Who has permeated everything completely. h) He Who is Himself
un-impacted or withdrawn with respect to the effects of pralaya
of srshti. i) He whose mind turns away from any feeling of
self-glory over His kirti or fame. Om nivrttatmane namah.
dur-jayah - a) He Who cannot be under control except by
devotion. b) He Who is Invincible.
c) He Who makes it possible for us to conquer duhkham. d) He
Who can be won over by difficult practices such as samadhi etc. Om
dur-atikramah - a) He Who cannot be bypassed by those who
seek relief from samsara. b) He Who cannot be transgressed because
of fear of the consequences of disobeying Him. c) He for whom all
sorrow is bypassed. d) He by transgressing whose orders, sorrow is
the result. Om dur-atikramaya namah.
dur-labhah - He Who is difficult to attain for those who are not
single-minded in their devotion to Him. Om dur-labhaya namah.
784 dur-gamah - He Who is difficult to attain because of His
Effulgence. b) He Whose True Nature can be known only with
difficulty. c) He Who can be known only by the difficult
process of enquiry into the Upanishads, etc. Om dur-gamaya namah
785 dur-gah - He Who is separated from us by our avidyA
which acts like a fortress between Him and us. b) Nor easily
realized because of unanticipated obstacles during our efforts to
seek Him. c) He Whose realization is constrained by our own
limitations. d) He Who causes pain and suffering to the
evil-minded rAkshasa-s. e) He Who is praised by the sAma gAnam
which is difficult to master. Om dur-gaya namah
786 dur-avasah - He Whose place of residence (SrI
vaikunTham) is not easy to attain. Om dur-avasaya namah.
durari-ha - a) The Dispeller of the evil-minded enemies. b)
The Dispeller of evil thoughts from the minds of the devotees. Om
loka-sara'ngah su-tantuh tantu-vardanah |
Indra-karma maha-karma krta-karma krtagamah ||
- a) He with a bewitching form that mesmerizes the asura-s and
misleads them. b) He with an auspicious form that is meditated upon
by His true devotees. c) He Who makes the ashtanga yoga successful
for those who follow this path with devotion. d) He Who has
beautiful gaits. e) He Who pervades everywhere at all times with His
auspicious form. f) He Who makes things functional in this Universal
in a beautiful way. g) He Who brings the auspicious aspects such as
trust in sastra-s, guru's words, etc., to His devotees.
- a) He Who preached the superficially acceptable goals in the
world. b) He Who grasps the essence of the world like a sara'nga or
honeybee. c) He Who is reachable through the essence (sara) of the
vedas, namely pranava. d) He Who is the object of devotion (loka-sara).
e) He Who is attracted by bhakti. f) He Who bestows moksham, and He
to whom the jnani-s are attracted. g) He Who has devotees singing
His auspicious qualities. Om loka-sara'ngaya namah.
- a) He who has a powerful net of threads to capture the asuras
and retain them from escaping. b) He Who has expanded this Universe
starting from Himself. c) He Who has progeny such as brahmA. d) He
Who expanded the yadava race in auspicious way by being born as the
son of vasudeva. Om su-tantave namah.
He Who increases the meshes. b) He Who augments the expansion of
Himself into this world, by protecting it. c) He Who withdraws this
world into Himself after creating it. d) He Who expanded the
Vasudeva family through pradyumna and others. Om tantu-vardhanaya
- a) He Who did all this for the sake of Indra. b) He Who is
responsible for the powers of indra. c) He Who performs acts that
reflect His Supreme Lordship. Om indra-karmane namah.
- He of magnanimous actions. Om maha-karmane
- a) He Who practiced the acts He preached to the asura-s, in
order to convince them. b) One Who has achieved all there is to
achieve. c) One Who keeps repeating the processes of creation etc.,
with perfection. d) One Who has performed acts that no one else can
ever perform. om krta-karmaNe namah.
a) The Propounder of Agama-s (Spiritual texts) including those
dealing with Buddhism, Jainism, etc. b) He Who propounded the Vedas
- Rig, Sama, etc. c) He Who is the Originator of the pancaratra
Agama. d) He Who made His appearance at Dvaraka after performing His
several leelas. e) he Who makes His appearance repeatedly through
different incarnations. om krtagamaya namah.